.

1. VOCABULARY


Important vocabulary in unit 9:

VERB PHRASES:

NOUNS:

to apply for

employee
09 to be a control freak.JPG
to be a control freak

promotion

to be bound to


09 to be manial.JPG
to be menial


09 to be stretching oneself.JPG
to be stretching oneself


09 to find something emotionally draining.JPG
to find something emotionally draining


09 to find something rewarding.JPG
to find something rewarding


09 to get a raise.JPG
to get a raise


09 to get made redundant.JPG
to get made redundant


09 to get on-the-job training.JPG
to get on-the-job training


09 to get promoted.JPG
to get promoted


09 to get the hang of something.JPG
to get the hang of


09 to hand in a notice.JPG
to hand in your notice



to quit a job



to run something (a place)


09 to struggle to cope.JPG
to struggle to cope




In Intermedio 2 you learnt the expression: emotionally exhausting (Unit 2A)



Working life
A

09 Vocabulary - Working life WIKI pic 02.JPG






Review the vocabulary with this activity (matching - test):
09 vocabulary test - chart.JPG







2. LISTENING

This is Richard.
What type of employee do you think he is? What's his job situation?
Listen to a conversation between Richard and Melissa and check if you were right.

09 Richard-hombre-de-negocios-con-una-taza-de-cafe.jpg




Now, after you heard the conversation, you'll get the chance of meeting Richard. Ask him any question you would like to know about him.
a mouth 02.jpg




This is Melissa at work (the woman in the middle).
And Melissa? What type of employee do you think she is? What's her job situation?
Listen to a conversation between Melissa and Richard and check if you were right.
09 Melissa at work.jpg









You may work more on the voculary of the unit watching these videos:




How to get a promotion:


How to improve your relationship with your boss:


















Language Patterns

In English we can use see to mean imagine, e.g. I can't see myself staying there long-term. / I can't imagine myself there long-term.




Joke of the day - Promotion

Joke of the day - Promotion.jpg




Interesting "facts":
boss and employee.jpg
















3. GRAMMAR


If you want to review this topic, click here:
Conditionals with present tenses



5. CONVERSATION PRACTICE


Step 1 -Students will be divided in pairs (A and B):

Group A
Group B
· Imagine you are working and your job is going really well.
· Think of at least three reasons why.
· Imagine your job is going really badly.
· Think of at least three reasons why.
Later you should use at least two conditional sentences with present tenses.


Step 2 - If students can't come up with examples, there are some here:

Group A
Group B
· I got promoted.
· I got a raise last month.
· I'm getting on-the-job training.
· I'm slowly getting the hang of everything.
· I'm finding my job very rewarding.
· It's really stimulating. I feel I'm stretching myself.
· I handed my notice last week.
· I got made redundant last week.
· I'm struggling to cope.
· My boss is a complete control freak.
· I'm finding it emotionally draining.
· The work is pretty menial most of the time.


Step 3 - Here you have some examples for the discussion:

Group A
Group B
· If I get promoted, I'm going to do a Marter's in Britain next month to improve my qualifications.
· I will end up running the company if things continue like this.
· I'm bound to get a lot of offers if I decide to move.
· If everything fails, I can always look for another job.
· I should talk to my boss to ask for a promotion.
· If the situation continues this bad, I have to start looking for something else.
· If things don't work out, I may call you.
· My boss said he will sack me if I don't get better sales results.




6. LISTENING


Vocabulary:
to be a dying breed
ser una especie en vías de extinción
to be down to
ser debido a
to grab
echar mano a
income
ingresos
noughties
the beginning of the decade of 2000-2009 (2000-2003), nought = cero
to be character building
construir el carácter (de alguien), formar la personalidad



Here you have two paperboys. As you can see they are not the same age.
Try to discuss in groups of 4:
- the reasons why they are paperboys.
- how do they feel about their jobs (use the vocabulary learnt on page 64 from your book).
This is Tim. He is 16 years old.
This is Bob. He is 27 years old.
09 paper boy - Tim.JPG

09 paper boy - Bob.JPG




Now watch the two first videos. Imagine you want to be a paperboy and listen to what you need to know to become one. Take notes.

Delivering Newspapers Safely - Documentary (Part 1)



Delivering Newspapers Safely - Documentary (Part 2)




Now imagine that you have already become a paperboy and you know what to do at your new job. You have just met Jane, who wants to become a papergirl too. Give her advice on what to do at her new job (but first, let her ask you).
This is Jane. She will make you questions. Listen and answer to her.

09 papergirl Jane.jpg




Listen to Bob and two other paperboys talking about their working experience. Take notes because latter you will give Jane more advice.

Paperboy




Now that you have more information about being a paperboy, tell Jane.

09 papergirl Jane.jpg




Newspaper Delivery



Amazing Paperboy Delivers




Paperboy



The Paperboy (film)



The Paperboy - Making of



The Paperboy - Interview



Paper Boys (film)




Other jobs:










Click on the image and do the activities:
eflnet - Adam Curry.jpg





7. SPEAKING


Go to: Let's Debate!!!


Conversation Questions Jobs & Occupations

Related:
  • At what age do people usually begin to work in your country?
  • At what age do people usually retire in your country?
  • At what age would you like to retire?
    • What do you think you will do after you retire?
    • How much money do you think you need to retire with your lifestyle?
  • Can you talk about what a typical day at your current job is like?
  • Can you describe some of the people that you work with?
  • Can you describe your current job?
  • What was your first job?
  • Do women usually work after they get married in your country?
  • Do you ever work overtime?
    • If so, do you get paid more for overtime work?
  • Do you have a part-time job? If so, what do you do?
  • Do you have to attend a lot of meetings for your job?
  • Do you have to do a lot of paperwork?
  • Do you have to work overtime?
    • If so, how often?
    • Do you have to work on Sundays?
  • Do you know someone who has worked as an undertaker?
    • What is the job of a an undertaker?
    • Can women do this job or is it better for a man to be an undertaker?
  • Do you like your boss? Why or why not?
  • Do you like your job?
  • Do you like your job? Why or why not?
  • Do you think it is more important to make a lot of money or to enjoy your job?
  • Do you think it's acceptable for women to be in the military? Why/why not?
  • Do you think people over 65 should be made to retire?
  • Do you think women and men should be paid the same for the same job?
  • Do you think women are good bosses?
    • Are there women bosses in your country?
  • Do you think your company is well run?
    • Do you think that the place where you work is well run?
  • Do you work on weekends?
    • Do you work on Sundays?
  • Does your mother work?
    • Does your mother work outside of the house?
  • Have you ever been promoted?
  • Have you ever taken any courses that specifically help you with the job you are doing now?
  • Have you ever worked on a farm?
    • Did you like it?
    • Would you like to go back on this farm job?
    • If not , why?
  • How do you like your work?
  • How have working conditions changed in recent years?
    • Do you think that working conditions have improved? If so, in what ways?
  • How long do you plan to continue working where you are?
  • How long have you been working at your present job?
  • How many days a week do you work?
  • How many hours a week do you work?
  • How many times have you been promoted?
    • When was the last time you were promoted?
    • Did you get a large pay raise at that time?
  • How much do you think a doctor should be paid a month?
    • How about a secretary?
    • How about a truck driver?
  • How much money do you make? (Maybe this is not a good question to ask.)
  • How much money does a secretary get paid per week?
  • How old were you when you got your first job?
  • How well do you get along with your boss?
  • If you could own your own business, what would it be?
  • If you had to choose between a satisfying job and a well-paid one, which would you choose?
  • Is it common for men and women to have the same jobs in your country?
  • Is it easy to find a job in Canada? How about in your country?
  • Name three occupations that you could do. (For example, be a mortician)
    • Name three occupations that you could never do?
  • What are some common occupations in your country?
    • What are some common jobs for men in your country?
    • What are some common jobs for women in your country?
    • What are some jobs that children do?
  • What are some jobs that you think would be boring?
  • What are some jobs that you think would be fun?
  • What are some questions that are frequently asked in a job interview?
  • What are you responsible for?
  • What are you trying to do in order to find a job that you really like?
  • What do you do?
    • What's your job?
  • What do you like most about that job?
  • What do you think is the best job? What do you think is the worst?
  • What do you think would be the most interesting job? The most boring?
  • What does your father do? (What does your father do for a living?)
  • What does your mother do?
  • What influenced your choice of job? (Why did you choose your job?)
  • What job do you want to have in five years' time?
  • What job would you most like to have, if social/cultural boundaries did not apply? (How different are they?)
  • What job(s) do you wish to have in the future?
  • What jobs in your country are considered to be good jobs? Why?
  • What kind of volunteer work have you done?
  • What kind of work do you do?
    • What kind of work do you want to do in the future?
  • What plans have you made for your retirement?
  • What three adjectives would describe yourself as a worker?
  • What time do you get home from work?
    • Is it the same time every day?
  • What time do your start and finish work?
  • What would be your dream job?
    • Do you think it would be possible for you to get this job?
  • What's one job you wouldn't like to do? Why not?
  • What's your brother's occupation?
  • When you were a child, what did you want to be when you grew up?
  • When you were a child, what job did you want to have when you grew up?
  • Where do you work and what is your current job?
  • Where do you work?
  • Which job are you best at?
  • Which job would you never do?
  • Which jobs do you think are the most prestigious?
  • Who among the people you know has the most interesting job? What is it?
  • Why did you leave your last job - did you resign or were you sacked?
  • Would you be upset if your boss was a woman?
  • Would you consider the military as a career choice? Why or why not?
  • Would you consider yourself to be an ambitious person at work?
  • Would you describe yourself as a workaholic?
  • Would you like a job in which you traveled a lot?
  • Would you like a job that required you to sit at a computer all day?
  • Would you like to do the same job for the rest of your life?
  • Would you like to work in an office? Why or why not?
  • Would you rather be a doctor or a banker?
  • Would you rather work inside or outside?

  • What job would you most like to do?
  • What are the names of some of the people with that job?
  • Do you personally know any one with that job?
  • How long do you plan to keep it for?
  • When do plan to retire?
  • What other fields or work will that job make you qualified for?
  • What are the work details of that job; what will be your duties at that job?
  • What steps are required from you to become a/an...?
  • So, how long before fore you become a/an...; at what ages will you both start and finish this/each job/career?
  • What do you hope to spiritually gain from that job?
  • What do you wish to physically gain; what kind of things would you like to buy with your money?
  • How much money do you need to make to fulfill you dreams and desires?
  • If money weren't a problem for you, which job would you prefer to have?
  • How does money affect your decisions?
  • How do your wants and desires affect your career options and goals?
  • How many years of schooling would you prefer to have?
  • Can you improve on the way things are now being done in the field you choose?
  • Which college courses are needed for you to be the very best in your field?
  • Which college courses are required for you dream job?
  • What other courses do you need to take so you can pursue your hobbies and personal interests?
  • Which of the classes mentioned above are you giving the highest priority? Why?
  • Who is the breadwinner (provider) in your family?
  • Who makes the most money in your family? (This may not be a "polite" question to ask.)
  • Is it common for people from your country to have one job for life?
  • Do you see any unfair labour practices in your country's workforce?
  • Do you have an after-school job?
  • Would you like to have a management position?
  • What are the pros and cons of being a manager?
  • What are the qualities a good boss should have?
  • What is a fair wage for the skills you have?
  • Are there any jobs which can only be done by one gender?
    • If so, what are they?
    • What are some jobs that some people think only one gender can do, but can be done by either gender?
  • What should you not do during a job interview?
  • Who would you hire a employee with a lot of experience or an employee with a lot of education?
  • Have you ever worked?

Self employment:
· Are you self-employed?
· Have you always been self-employed?
· Why did you start your own business?
· What are some things that you need to consider when starting your own business?
· Is it easy to start a business in your country?
· Have you ever worked fora self-employed person?
· Would you be happier if you were self-employed?
· What are some of the difficulties in being self-employed?

  • Could I ask you some questions about your business?
  • When did you start your business?
  • Are you only a service provider?
  • Do you have any service expansion plan?
  • Do you have international presence?
  • Do you think recession is affecting your business?
  • What is the strength of your employees?
  • Do you have any challenge in manpower retention?
  • Who is taking care of your human resources department?
  • What is so special about your business?
  • How do you motivate your employees?
  • Do you provide transport facility to employees?
  • Do you have any play ground / gym in your company?
  • Do you take of everything personally?
  • Do you have any program like employee of the month or employee of the year?
  • How many branches do you have in overseas?
  • What one quality in your people really affect your business?
  • Will you give any special benefit to your employees?
  • How often do you travel abroad?
  • Do you really believe in innovation?
  • Where from do you get inspiration for growth?
  • Do you think every company should prepare budget for income and expenses?
  • What is the governing principal of your business?
  • Do you take any assistance for technology improvement?
  • Do you think technology is must to grow your business?
  • Do you invite outside consultants to train your people?
  • What do you feel about growth of your company?
  • Do you want to give any message to the people?
  • What one thing can transform business to a higher level?

  • Getting a Job
    • What is the difference between work and a job?
    • Do you have a job?
    • How did you get it?
    • Did you have to go to university to get it?
    • What is the name of your job?
    • Is it a popular job?
    • Is it a job mainly for men, or for women?
    • Did you need any special training to get your job?
      • What type of special training did you need?
      • How long and where was the training?
    • Is it an indoor, or outdoor job?
    • Which do you think most people prefer, indoor or outdoor jobs?
    • Does your job pay a good salary?
    • What are the advantages and disadvantages to your job?
    • Which do you think are some of the more demanding jobs?
      • Which are the least demanding jobs?
    • Which jobs are badly paid?
      • Which jobs are over-paid?
    • Which job are more popular than others, and why?
    • Is your job competitive?
    • What about promotions?
    • Is it too competitive?
    • How is your relationship with your co-workers?
    • Why would I choose you instead of the 50 others wanting this position?
  • These were submitted as possible job interview questions.
    • What degrees do you have?
    • How much experience do you have?
    • Where have you worked?
    • Why did you choose this employment?
    • How much would you like to earn?
    • Have you ever worked in this field?
    • Where would you like to work? Why?
    • Why do you find your job interesting?




8. READING


Vocabulary:
to pull my weight
hacer mi parte, lo que me corresponde
to work solidly
trabajar sin descanso

















My first job at McDonald's



The Horrors of a Fast Food Job






Do the quiz:





9. GRAMMAR


If you want to review this topic, click here:
Conditionals with past tenses




10. LISTENING


Go to: The Bologna Process

Click on the image and do the activities for the listening:
talkenglish - studying.png



Click on the image and do the activities for the listening:
examenglish - a prize winning teacher.jpg




11. SPEAKING


Go to: Let's Debate!!!




13. VOCABULARY


Go to: Giving a Presentation



14. WRITING


· Academic writing

(very formal):


1.
Don't use contractions
2.
Avoid "there is / there are"
3.
Don't use words such as "really, very, a lot, so"
4.
Passive voice vs. active voice (don't use the passive voice for subjects such as Humanities, Social Science, History, Psychology, etc.)
5.
Use strog verbs



· Email writing









· A cover letter


Existen dos tipos de carta de presentación:


Tipo 1:

Tipo 2:
Una contestación a un anuncio de un puesto de trabajo donde debe exponer brevemente su capacidad profesional y expectativas laborales.

Una presentación "en frío", que manifiesta su interés en trabajar en una empresa sin que ésta haya publicado un anuncio de vacantes.
Debe incluir toda o la mayor parte de la información que se expondrá a continuación y preferentemente en el mismo orden:
1) Presentar el objeto de la carta y describir cuál es el trabajo que usted solicita. (Una empresa puede haber insertado varias ofertas de empleo en el periódico, Internet etc.) También debe informar a la empresa dónde ha visto el anuncio y en qué fecha (si se trata de un periódico).
2) Debe exponer de modo muy resumido las características más sobresalientes de su historial profesional y su adecuación al puesto ofertado. Por ejemplo, si el anuncio dice: "con más de 2 años de experiencia", usted puede escribir: "Tengo 3 años de experiencia en...". De esta manera, el lector sabrá al instante que debe considerarle un candidato apto para el puesto.
3) Si tiene conocimientos sobre la empresa en cuestión, explicar brevemente el porqué está usted interesado en ser contratado. (Si fuera posible, podría indagar sobre la empresa para luego demostrarles que la conoce.)
4) Debe reflejar su interés en obtener una entrevista personal y mencionar fechas de disponibilidad para acudir si no tiene mucho tiempo libre.
5) Mencionar que adjunta en su CV una lista de contactos de referencia (normalmente dos contactos) y cuáles están disponibles en estas fechas (puede que usted prefiera que no se ponga en contacto con su empresa actual de inmediato; esta petición es razonable). En este contexto bilingüe, también debe estipular el idioma de comunicación con las empresas.
6) La despedida en la correspondencia inglesa / norteamericana no es tan compleja como la de una carta en español. Aprender más acerca de las despedidas aquí...

Debe incluir toda o la mayor parte de la información que se expondrá a continuación y preferentemente en el mismo orden:
1) Debe exponer a qué clase de trabajo se dedica y qué tipo de trabajo quiere realizar. Debe demostrar que conoce a la empresa y explicar su interés en ser contratado.
2) Debe resaltar las características más sobresalientes de su historial profesional y su adecuación a un puesto de trabajo en la empresa..
3) Mencionar que usted está interesado en asistir a una entrevista si hubiera una vacante o comunicar su interés en conocerles personalmente.
4) Comentar que adjunta en su CV una lista de contactos de referencia (normalmente dos contactos) y cuáles están disponibles en estas fechas (puede que prefiera que no se ponga en contacto con su empresa actual de inmediato; esta petición es razonable). En este contexto bilingüe, también debe estipular el idioma de comunicación con las empresas.
5) La despedida en la correspondencia inglesa / norteamericana no es tan compleja como la de una carta en español.. Aprender más acerca de las despedidas aquí...
· Cover letter 1
· Cover letter 2
· Cover letter 3
· Cover letter 4
· Cover letter 5
· Cover letter 6

Cover letter 7
Cover letter 8
Cover letter 9


Above info taken from: http://www.englishspanishlink.com/deluxewriter/coverlettersenglet.htm


Cover letter sample.JPG





Useful sentences for a cover letter: http://es.bab.la/frases/solicitud/carta-de-presentacion/espanol-ingles/





· The World's Toughest Job






María Ángeles A.


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