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3. GRAMMAR (0 / 1st Conditionals)



09 cero conditional.JPG

09 first conditional.JPG



To sum up the previous charts:
0 Conditional:
if-clause (real events)
If I ask about doing other stuff, he just tells me to be patient.
What's the condition?: he asks about doing other stuff.
What's the result? his boss tells him to be patient.
1st Conditional:
if-clause (probable events)
It might get better if I just give it a bit more time.
What's the condition?: he gives it a bit more time.
What's the result?: it might get better.




Conditionals with present tenses in if-clauses, to talk about things that are generally true, or that are likely to happen in the future:

If-clause
result clause
if + present simple
if + present continuous
if + present perfect simple
if + present perfect continuous
· present tenses
· should
· be going to + verb
· can, might
· will + verb

We use present tenses in if-clauses to talk about things that are generally true, or that are likely to happen in the future.
We can use:
if + present simple
I get paid extra if I work overtime. (= always / whenever)
if + present continuous
If you are having problems (=now / at the moment), you can always talk to me.
if + present perfect simple
If you have finished that (=already), could you make me a coffee?
if + present perfect continuous
It's impossible to concentrate properly on what you are doing if you have been working too hard (= from the past to now).




The result clause can express:
typical consequences (present tenses):
If we miss a deadline, we don't get paid.
If you need any more help with anything, just ask.
give advice (should)
If it's that bad, you should think about leaving.
express plans (be going to + verb)
What are you going to do if you don't get the promotion?
express possibility (can, might)
If I get this promotion, I can finally buy a place of my own.
I might call you if I am strugging with my homework.
talk about promises or definite results (will + verb)
If they invest more in education, it will help the economy.



There are several fixed expressions used in if-clauses:

If nothing goes wrong, we are going to move in the spring.
If the worst comes to the worst, I will have to get a factory job.
If all else fails, I will just have to work part time while I study.






9. GRAMMAR (2nd / 3rd and mixed conditionals)



Unlikely to happen:
09 second conditional.JPG


Unreal situation:
09 third conditional.JPG


MIXED CONDITIONALS:

09 mixed 3 - 2 conditional.JPG


09 mixed 2 - 3 conditional.JPG



ALL CONDITIONALS (INCLUDING MIXED):
09 the three conditionals and the mixed.jpg





Conditionals with past tenses, in if-clauses to speculate about unreal / unlikely situations in the present / future:
(if-clauses with the past perfect speculate about past situations)

09 past conditionals according to the Ss book.JPG




Did Tom ask about the job before?
Did he take the job?
Was it a real situation?
Does it speculates about a past situation?
What's the consequence?
Does it refer to the past?
If Tom had asked about the job before, he mightn't have taken it.
no
yes
no
yes (had asked)
mightn't have taken it
yes








Did he have the choice?
Did he do it?
Was it a real situation?
What was the situation?
What's the consequence?
When is it referring to?
If Tom had the choice, he wouldn't do it again.
no
yes
no
He didn't have the choice.
He wouldn't do it again.
the future





María Ángeles A.




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