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1. VOCABULARY


You already started to learn this vocabulary in:
· http://basico2englisheoi.wikispaces.com/Unit+9C



be kicked out
09 be kicked out.jpg

be sacked
09 be sacked at work.jpg
to be fired
be sent to jail
09 be sent to jail.jpg

bribe
13 bribe.jpg
to promise, offer, or give something, usually money, to (a person) to procure services or gain influence, esp. illegally
call it a day
13 call it a day.jpg
to stop work or other activity
change careers
13 change careers.jpeg
(someone changing careers) to replace with or exchange for another
drop out
13 drop out.jpg
(someone dropping out of university) a student who fails to complete a school or college course
fancied

liked a person a lot
fed up with

not very happy with something or someone
get a degree
/ a Master's
/ PhD
13 get a degree.jpeg
obtain a grade / a postgraduate degree / a doctorate
get killed


get together
13 get together.jpg
(a couple getting together) to gather, to meet socially
give birth
13 give birth.jpeg
(someone giving birth) to bear (offspring)
in labour
13 in labour.jpg
(to be in labour) to be ready to give birth (in Spanish, estar de parto)
kick out
13 kick out.jpeg
(someone being kicked out of somewhere) to eject or dismiss
knocked out

a competition in which competitors are eliminated progressively
move house
13 move house.jpg
(someone moving house) change house
pass away

a polite way to say die
rough patch

a difficult period
(a) run

period of time when things go well or badly for you (in Spanish, racha)
sack (to be sacked)
13 sack.jpg
(someone being kicked out of somewhere) to dismiss from employment
split up (with)
13 split up.jpg
(a couple splitting up / they split up after years of marriage) to become separated or parted through disagreement






Collocations



A collocation is two or more words that often go together. These combinations just sound "right" to native English speakers, who use them all the time. On the other hand, other combinations may be unnatural and just sound "wrong". Look at these examples:
Natural English...
Unnatural English...
the fast train
fast food
the quick train
quick food
a quick shower
a quick meal
a fast shower
a fast meal

How to learn collocations
  • Be aware of collocations, and try to recognize them when you see or hear them.
  • Treat collocations as single blocks of language. Think of them as individual blocks or chunks, and learn strongly support, not strongly + support.
  • When you learn a new word, write down other words that collocate with it (remember rightly, remember distinctly, remember vaguely, remember vividly).
  • Read as much as possible. Reading is an excellent way to learn vocabulary and collocations in context and naturally.
  • Revise what you learn regularly. Practise using new collocations in context as soon as possible after learning them.
  • Learn collocations in groups that work for you. You could learn them by topic (time, number, weather, money, family) or by a particular word (take action, take a chance, take an exam).
  • You can find information on collocations in any good learner's dictionary. And you can also find specialized dictionaries of collocations.

Types of Collocation
There are several different types of collocation made from combinations of verb, noun, adjective etc. Some of the most common types are:
  • Adverb + Adjective: completely satisfied (NOT downright satisfied)
  • Adjective + Noun: excruciating pain (NOT excruciating joy)
  • Noun + Noun: a surge of anger (NOT a rush of anger)
  • Noun + Verb: lions roar (NOT lions shout)
  • Verb + Noun: commit suicide (NOT undertake suicide)
  • Verb + Expression With Preposition: burst into tears (NOT blow up in tears)
  • Verb + Adverb: wave frantically (NOT wave feverishly)


Some common verbs
have
do
make
have a bath
have a drink
have a good time
have a haircut
have a holiday
have a problem
have a relationship
have a rest
have lunch
have sympathy
do business
do nothing
do someone a favour
do the cooking
do the housework
do the shopping
do the washing up
do your best
do your hair
do your homework
make a difference
make a mess
make a mistake
make a noise
make an effort
make furniture
make money
make progress
make room
make trouble
take
break
catch
take a break
take a chance
take a look
take a rest
take a seat
take a taxi
take an exam
take notes
take someone's place
take someone's temperature
break a habit
break a leg
break a promise
break a record
break a window
break someone's heart
break the ice
break the law
break the news to someone
break the rules
catch a ball
catch a bus
catch a chill
catch a cold
catch a thief
catch fire
catch sight of
catch someone's attention
catch someone's eye
catch the flu
pay
save
keep
pay a fine
pay attention
pay by credit card
pay cash
pay interest
pay someone a compliment
pay someone a visit
pay the bill
pay the price
pay your respects
save electricity
save energy
save money
save one's strength
save someone a seat
save someone's life
save something to a disk
save space
save time
save yourself the trouble
keep a diary
keep a promise
keep a secret
keep an appointment
keep calm
keep control
keep in touch
keep quiet
keep someone's place
keep the change
come
go
get
come close
come complete with
come direct
come early
come first
come into view
come last
come late
come on time
come prepared
come right back
come second
come to a compromise
come to a decision
come to an agreement
come to an end
come to a standstill
come to terms with
come to a total of
come under attack
go abroad
go astray
go bad
go bald
go bankrupt
go blind
go crazy
go dark
go deaf
go fishing
go mad
go missing
go on foot
go online
go out of business
go overseas
go quiet
go sailing
go to war
go yellow
get a job
get a shock
get angry
get divorced
get drunk
get frightened
get home
get lost
get married
get nowhere
get permission
get pregnant
get ready
get started
get the impression
get the message
get the sack
get upset
get wet
get worried



Miscellaneous
Time
Business English
Classifiers
bang on time
dead on time
early 12th century
free time
from dawn till dusk
great deal of time
late 20th century
make time for
next few days
past few weeks
right on time
run out of time
save time
spare time
spend some time
take your time
tell someone the time
time goes by
time passes
waste time
annual turnover
bear in mind
break off negotiations
cease trading
chair a meeting
close a deal
close a meeting
come to the point
dismiss an offer
draw a conclusion
draw your attention to
launch a new product
lay off staff
go bankrupt
go into partnership
make a loss
make a profit
market forces
sales figures
take on staff
a ball of string
a bar of chocolate
a bottle of water
a bunch of carrots
a cube of sugar
a pack of cards
a pad of paper







2. GRAMMAR


GO TO: Past Perfect Simple and Past Perfect Continuous



3. LISTENING


clean-cut

clearly outlined; neat: clean-cut lines of a ship
down-to-earth

sensible; practical; realistic
to be a jerk

a stupid or ignorant person
to be better off (without)

in more favourable circumstances, esp financially
to call it a day
13 split up.jpg
to stop work or other activity (in the case of the conversation from the listening, to split up)
to come across

to provide what is expected
to commute

to travel some distance regularly between one's home and one's place of work
to flick through

to read or look at (a book, newspaper, etc) quickly or idly
to lead (a double life)

to cause to act, feel, think, or behave in a certain way; induce; influence: he led me to believe that he would go
to retrain

to train again (to do exercises and prepare for a specific purpose)
to split up (with)
13 split up.jpg
(a couple splitting up / they split up after years of marriage) to become separated or parted through disagreement
upbringing

the education of a person during his formative years








Click on the image and do the activities:
esl-lab - the ideal woman.jpg




Click on the image and do the activities:
examenglish - population growth.jpg





5. DEVELOPING CONVERSATIONS

· Showing Certainty

Certainty is the state of being completely confident or having no doubt about something.

When you are sure that something will or will not happen in the future, use these expressions.
For example to the question:
"Will Tom pass the exam?"
you may respond as follows:

Yes,
I'm
absolutely sure
quite sure
certain
positive
he will.
definitely.
certainly.
of course.
or
No,
I'm
absolutely sure
quite sure
certain
positive
he won't.
definitely not.
certainly not.
of course not.


· Showing Uncertainty

Uncertainty is when nothing is ever decided or sure.

When you are not sure whether something or someone will or will not happen, use the following expressions.
For example, to the question:
"Will Tom follow a career in business?"
you may respond as follows:
Well,
it's possible,
it's impossible,
it might be,
it might not be,
it could happen,
I suppose,
but
I wouldn't like to say for certain.
I'm not sure.
I doubt it.
I have my own doubts.
it's doubtful.
It's highly / very unlikely.
you never know of course, no one can know for certain.
I can't tell you for sure.



According to the Student's Book, use this vocabulary to do activity 5.B in order to use expressions related with uncertainty:
According ...
Apparently ...
As far as I know ...
As I understand it ...
From what I've heard ...
I was told ...

For activity 6. Conversation Practice, use these expressions:
Did you hear about ...?
Did you know ...?



8. GRAMMAR


GO TO: Present Continuous and habits - wish and would



9. READING


internet and email vocabulary.jpg





11. SPEAKING


You already saw some of this vocabulary in: http://intermedio2englisheoi.wikispaces.com/Unit+9B

Vocabulary:
ashes

the remains of a human body after cremation
be due

when the baby is expected
best man
best man.jpg
the (male) attendant of the bridegroom at a wedding
birth

the act or fact of being born; nativity
bride
bride.jpg
a woman who has just been or is about to be married
cemetery

a place where the dead are buried
coffin

a box in which a corpse is buried or cremated
coming of age

the transition from boyhood to manhood
condolences

an expression of sympathy with someone in grief, etc
engagement
engagement.jpg
a pledge of marriage
expect a baby

being pregnant
flower girl
flower girl.jpg
the girl who carries the flowers in a wedding
funeral

a ceremony at which a dead person is buried or cremated
go into labour

the moment the baby starts coming out
grave

a place for the burial of a corpse, beneath the ground and usually marked by a tombstone
groom
groom.jpg
(= bridegroom) a man who has just been or is about to be married
honeymoon
honeymoon.jpg
a holiday taken by a newly married couple
in labour

the period of giving birth
maternity leave / paternity leave

time off work after the birth
maternity ward

the department in hospital for births
mourner

the person who feels or expresses sadness for the death or loss of (someone or something)
naming ceremony

to celebrate a ceremony where the family gives a name to the baby
newlywed
newlyweds.jpg
a recently married person
reception
wedding reception.jpg
the act of receiving or state of being received
retirement

the act of retiring from one's work, office, etc
ring bearer
ring bearer.jpg
the person who carries the rings in a wedding
straightforward birth

simple and not problematic birth
talk into

to persuade to by talking (He talked him into buying a new house.)
town hall

the chief building in which municipal business is transacted, often with a hall for public meetings
wail

to utter a prolonged high-pitched cry, as of grief or misery; to make a sound resembling such a cry
wedding
wedding.jpg
the act of marrying or the celebration of a marriage





RITUAL

Wedding Bells



María Ángeles A.


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