.




1. SPEAKING


Do this activity and to check it click here: Key
hospital vocabulary 01.jpg





drops = gotas

drip = goteo (gotero, USA)

wound /wu:nd/ = herida

chart = gráfica, historia medica, historial
pills = pastillas

ointment = pomada, ungüento

crutches = muletas

records = registros escritos, informes, expedientes, historia médica, historial
capsule = cápsula

cast = escayola

stretcher = camilla

theatre = quirófano, sala de operaciones (USA)
injection = inyección

sling = cabestrillo

ward = sala (emergency ward, labour ward (de partos), maternity ward, surgical ward)







Problem with your health and medicines:
headache
on the top of your head or at the back (I have a headache)
Idiom: You're giving me a headache.
You can take an aspirine.
faint / dizzy
when you don't feel stable (I feel faint or dizzy.)

earache


sneezing
when you have a cold

congested
when you feel your head full

cavity
when you have a hole in your tooth
Go to the dentist.
fever
when you are very hot and your temperature in your body is too much

bleed
when you cut your finger for example, you can see blood (I'm bleeding)
Put a band aid on.
bruise
when you hit yourself and you get a mark, for example in your head

bloated
when you eat too much food, like popcorn or lentis

cramps
this strong pain happens to a woman everymonth when they have their period or menstrual cycle

cough
when you have a cold
Have a sweet or a cough syrup.
hiccups
when you drink coke too fast
Take a bag and breath in. Drink water upside down.
burp
to relieve flatulence after eating

fart
to expel intestinal gas from the anus

diarrhea
when you have to go to the toilet many times
Drink water and don't go out very much.
constipation
when you can't go to the toilet







2. VOCABULARY



wound = herida




GO TO: UNIT 12 ALL VOCABULARY


· Actions:

to be allergic to
12 allergy.jpg
a hypersensitivity to a substance that causes the body to react to any contact with that substance (e.g. hay fever is an allergic reaction to pollen)
to be constipated
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infrequent or difficult evacuation of the bowels, with hard faeces, caused by functional or organic disorders or improper diet
to be ill
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not a hundred per cent, sick, unwell, upset (in Spanish, encontrarse mal) (in Spanish, estar enfermo)
to be pregnant
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enceinte, expectant, expecting
to be sick
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(= throw up, vomit); to eject (the contents of the stomach) through the mouth as the result of involuntary muscular spasms of the stomach and oesophagus
to cough
12 cough.jpg
to expel air abruptly and explosively through the partially closed vocal chords
to faint
12 faint.jpeg
black out, collapse, fade, fail, flake out (informal) keel over (informal) languish, lose consciousness, pass out, swoon
to feel dizzy
12 dizzy.jpg
affected with a whirling or reeling sensation; giddy
to feel funny

peculiar; odd
to feel sick
12 feel sick.jpg
(= nausea) the sensation that precedes vomiting
to have a cold
12 to have a cold.jpg
an acute viral infection of the upper respiratory passages characterized by discharge of watery mucus from the nose, sneezing, etc.
to have a dizzy spell
12 dizzy.jpg
affected with a whirling or reeling sensation; giddy (in Spanish, un mareo)
to have a tight chest

tener el pecho oprimido
to have an attack of dizziness
12 dizzy.jpg
(= to feel dizzy); affected with a whirling or reeling sensation; giddy
to have side effects

any unwanted nontherapeutic effect caused by a drug
to hurt
12 to hurt.jpg
to cause physical pain to (someone or something)
nausea
12 feel sick.jpg
(= to feel sick) the sensation that precedes vomiting
to pass out
12 faint.jpeg
black out, collapse, fade, fail, flake out (informal) keel over (informal) languish, lose consciousness, faint, swoon (in Spanish, perder el conocimiento, irse)
to recuperate from surgery

to recover from an operation
to sneeze
12 sneeze.jpg
to expel air from the nose involuntarily, esp. as the result of irritation of the nasal mucous membrane
to suffer from
12 suffer from.jpg

to be ill with, esp. recurrently (in Spanish, padecer de algo)
to swell up
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to grow or cause to grow in size, esp. as a result of internal pressure (in Spanish, hincharse)
to throw up
12 vomit.jpg

(= be sick, vomit); to eject (the contents of the stomach) through the mouth as the result of involuntary muscular spasms of the stomach and oesophagus
undergo surgery

to experience an operation
to vomit
12 vomit.jpg

(= be sick, throw up); to eject (the contents of the stomach) through the mouth as the result of involuntary muscular spasms of the stomach and oesophagus





· Diseases, Common Health Problems and Symptoms:

achy (adj.)
12 achy.jpg
affected by a continuous dull pain; aching
AIDS

acronym for acquired immune (or immuno-) deficiency syndrome: a condition, caused by a virus, in which certain white blood cells (lymphocytes) are destroyed, resulting in loss of the body's ability to protect itself against disease. AIDS is transmitted by sexual intercourse, through infected blood and blood products, and through the placenta.
allergy (n.)
12 allergy.jpg
(to have an allergy); a hypersensitivity to a substance that causes the body to react to any contact with that substance (e.g. hay fever is an allergic reaction to pollen)
Alzheimer's (disease)

a disorder of the brain resulting in a progressive decline in intellectual and physical abilities and eventual dementia, (Often shortened to) Alzheimers (named after A. Alzheimer (1864--1915), German physician who first identified it)
arthritis
12 arthritis.jpg
inflammation of a joint or joints characterized by pain and stiffness of the affected parts, caused by gout, rheumatic fever, etc.
asthma (n.)
12 asthma.jpg
a respiratory disorder, often of allergic origin, characterized by difficulty in breathing, wheezing, and a sense of constriction in the chest
athlete's foot (n.)
12 athletes foot.jpg
a fungal infection of the skin of the foot, esp. between the toes and on the soles
backache (n.)
12 backache.jpg
(a backache); an ache or pain in one's back
blister
12 blister.jpg
a small bubble-like elevation of the skin filled with serum, produced as a reaction to a burn, mechanical irritation, etc (in Spanish, ampolla)
broken leg
12 broken leg.jpg
fractured leg
bruise
12 bruise.jpg
blacken, blemish, contuse, crush, damage, deface, discolour, injure, mar, mark, pound, pulverize
bug
12 bug.jpeg
a microorganism, esp. a bacterium, that produces disease
bump
12 bump.jpg
a lump on the body caused by a blow
chest infection

an infection in the front part of the trunk from the neck to the belly
chickenpox
12 chickenpox.jpg
a highly communicable viral disease most commonly affecting children, characterized by slight fever and the eruption of a rash
common cold
12 common cold.jpg
(to have a common cold); a mild viral infection of the upper respiratory tract, characterized by sneezing, coughing, watery eyes, nasal congestion, etc.
constipation
12 constipated.jpg
infrequent or difficult evacuation of the bowels, with hard faeces, caused by functional or organic disorders or improper diet
cough
12 cough.jpg
(to have a cough / to have a bad cough); to expel air abruptly and explosively through the partially closed vocal chords
diabetes
(n.)
12 diabetes.jpg
any of various disorders, esp. diabetes mellitus, characterized by excretion of an abnormally large amount of urine
diarrhea
12 diahrrea.jpg
frequent and copious discharge of abnormally liquid faeces
dizzy spell
12 dizzy.jpg
(to have a dizzy spell) affected with a whirling or reeling sensation; giddy (in Spanish, un mareo)
eczema (n.)
12 eczema.jpg
(Pathol) a skin inflammation with lesions that scale, crust, or ooze a serous fluid, often accompanied by intense itching or burning
earache
12 earache.jpg
pain in the middle or inner ear
fever
12 fever.jpg
(to get a fever / to have a fever); an abnormally high body temperature, accompanied by a fast pulse rate, dry skin, etc
flu
12 flu.jpg
(the flue) any of various viral infections, esp. a respiratory or intestinal infection (in Spanish, gripe)
food poisoning
12 food poisoning.jpeg
an acute illness typically characterized by gastrointestinal inflammation, vomiting, and diarrhoea, caused by food that is either naturally poisonous or contaminated by pathogenic bacteria (esp. Salmonella)
headache
12 headache.jpg
(to have a headache); pain in the head, caused by dilation of cerebral arteries, muscle contraction, insufficient oxygen in the cerebral blood, reaction to drugs, etc., (Technical name) cephalalgia
hepatitis
12 hepatitis.jpg
inflammation of the liver, characterized by fever, jaundice, and weakness
blood pressure
12 blood pressure.jpg
(high blood pressure / low blood pressure) the pressure exerted by the blood on the inner walls of the arteries, being relative to the elasticity and diameter of the vessels and the force of the heartbeat
infection
12 infection.jpg
invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms
insomnia
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chronic inability to fall asleep or to enjoy uninterrupted sleep
itchy
12 itchy.jpg
an irritation or tickling sensation of the skin causing a desire to scratch
measles
12 chickenpox.jpg
a highly contagious viral disease common in children, characterized by fever, profuse nasal discharge of mucus, conjunctivitis, and a rash of small red spots spreading from the forehead down to the limbs, (Technical names) morbilli, rubeola (in Spanish, sarampión)
migraine (n.)
12 migraine.jpg
a throbbing headache usually affecting only one side of the head and commonly accompanied by nausea and visual disturbances
mumps (n.)
12 mumps.jpg
functioning as sing or pl an acute contagious viral disease of the parotid salivary glands, characterized by swelling of the affected parts, fever, and pain beneath the ear: usually affects children, (Also called) epidemic parotitis (in Spanish, paperas)
nose bleed
12 nose-bleed.gif
(to have a nose bleed); bleeding from the nose, as the result of injury, etc.,
outward signs

signos externos
Parkinson's (disease)

a progressive chronic disorder of the central nervous system characterized by impaired muscular coordination and tremor, (Often shortened to) Parkinsons (Also called) Parkinsonism, Parkinsons syndrome, paralysis agitans, shaking palsy (named after James Parkinson (1755--1824), British surgeon, who first described it)
pin
12 pin.jpg
(Surgery) a metal rod, esp. of stainless steel, for holding together adjacent ends of fractured bones during healing
rash
12 rash.jpg
any skin eruption
rough
12 rough.jpg
(to feel rough); (informal) ill, not a hundred per cent, sick, unwell, upset (in Spanish, encontrarse mal)
runny nose
12 runny nose.jpeg
(to have a runny nose); (of the nose or nasal passages) exuding mucus
scratch
12 scratch.jpg
to mark or cut (the surface of something) with a rough or sharp instrument
slipped disc
12 slipped disc.jpg
(Pathol) a herniated intervertebral disc, often resulting in pain because of pressure on the spinal nerves (in Spanish, hernia discal)
sore throat
12 sore throat.jpg
(to have a sore throat); a painful sensitive throat
STD

sexually transmitted disease
steroid cream
12 steroid cream.jpeg
steroid = any of a large group of fat-soluble organic compounds containing a characteristic chemical ring system. The majority, including the sterols, bile acids, many hormones, and the D vitamins, have important physiological action
stiff
12 stiff.jpg
moving with pain or difficulty
stitch
12 stitch.jpg
a link made by drawing a thread through material by means of a needle
stomachache
12 stomachache.jpg
(to have a stomachache); pain in the stomach or abdominal region, as from acute indigestion, (Technical name) gastralgia (Also called) stomach upset, upset stomach
stress
12 stress.jpeg
mental, emotional, or physical strain or tension
stroke
12 stroke.jpg
(a stroke); apoplexy; rupture of a blood vessel in the brain resulting in loss of consciousness, often followed by paralysis, or embolism or thrombosis affecting a cerebral vessel (in Spanish, derrame)
sunburn
12 sunburn.jpg
inflammation of the skin caused by overexposure to the sun, (Technical name) erythema solare
swollen
12 swollen.jpg
(to have a swollen face / swollen finger); bloated, enlarged, inflamed, puffed up, puffy
tuberculosis

a communicable disease caused by infection with the tubercle bacillus, most frequently affecting the lungs (pulmonary tuberculosis), (Also called) consumption, phthisis (Abbrev.) TB
toothache (n.)
12 toothache.jpg
(a toothache); a pain in or about a tooth
twisted ankle
12 twisted ankle.jpeg
(a twisted ankle / to twiste one's ankle); to force or be forced out of the natural form or position
upset stomach
12 stomachache.jpg
(to have an upset stomach); pain in the stomach or abdominal region, as from acute indigestion, (Technical name) gastralgia (Also called) stomach upset

12 injured wounded hurt.jpg



ALMOST SYNONYMS:
pain
(to be in pain)
the sensation of acute physical hurt or discomfort caused by injury, illness, etc.
sore

painfully sensitive
stiff

moving with pain or difficulty (e.g. a stiff neck)








people:
rooms:

doctor
nurse
paramedics
patient
surgeon
cafeteria
emergency room
I.C.U.
maternity ward
pharmacy
waiting room
a shot
anesthesia (general vs. local)
diagnosis
exams
I.V. drip (=intravenous drip)
operation / surgery
syringe
x-ray (to an inpatient or outpatient)
.
hurt (My leg hurts. verb)
pain (I'm in pain. I have a pain in my leg. adjective)

ache (My back aches (it's an ongoing pain)
sore (I have a sore throat, irritada, dolorida)

broken (when a bone is completele separated)
fracture (any kind of damage in a bone)

heart attack (the blood flow to the heart stops)
cardiac arrest (the heart stops beating)
stroke (when the blood doesn't make it to the brain)





· Other Vocabulary:

antibiotics
12 antibiotics.jpg

any of various chemical substances, such as penicillin, streptomycin, neomycin, and tetracycline, produced by various microorganisms, esp. fungi, or made synthetically and capable of destroying or inhibiting the growth of microorganisms, esp. bacteria
aspirin (n.)
12 Aspirin.jpg
(some aspirine)
a white crystalline compound widely used in the form of tablets to relieve pain, fever, and colds and to reduce inflammation. Formula: CH3COOC6H4COOH, (Chemical name) acetylsalicylic
bandage
12 elastic bandage.jpg
(elastic bandage)
a piece of material used to dress a wound, bind a broken limb, etc
bandaid (US) / sticking-plaster (UK)
12 sticking plaster.jpg

a strip of any soft material used for binding, etc




cast (n.)
12 cast.jpg
(a cast)
a rigid encircling casing, often made of plaster of Paris, for immobilizing broken bones while they heal
cough medicine



cream



crutch
12 crutch.jpg
(crutches)
a long staff of wood or metal having a rest for the armpit, for supporting the weight of the body
fast (vb.)

(ayunar)

herbal remedy
12 herbal remedies.jpg

herbs that cure a disease or controls its symptoms
inhaler
12 inhaler.jpg
(an inhaler)
a device for breathing in therapeutic vapours, esp. one for relieving nasal congestion
injection (n.)
12 injection.jpg
(an injection)
fluid injected into the body, esp. for medicinal purposes
oxygen mask
12 oxygen mask.jpg

a device, worn over the nose and mouth, to which oxygen is supplied from a cylinder or other source: used to aid breathing
painkillers



pills

(cápsulas)

plaster
12 plaster.jpg
(in plaster)
a white powder that sets to a hard solid when mixed with water, used for making sculptures and casts, as an additive for lime plasters, and for making casts for setting broken limbs. It is usually the hemihydrate of calcium sulphate, 2CaSO4.H2O (also known as plaster of Paris)
pregnancy test

(a pregnancy test)

sticking plaster (UK) / bandaid (USA)
12 sticking plaster.jpg

a thin cloth with an adhesive substance on one side, used for covering slight or superficial wounds /

(Brit., Austral., and N.Z.) an adhesive strip of material, usually medicated, for dressing a cut, wound, etc.
surgical collar

(a surgical collar)

tablets

(pastillas)

thermometer

(a thermometer)

wheelchair
12 wheelchair.jpg

(Med) a special chair mounted on large wheels, for use by invalids or others for whom walking is impossible or temporarily inadvisable
X-ray

(an X-ray)



Other dosage forms:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dosage_form



12 health vocabulary.png





Questions related with health:
  • Are you a member of a health spa or gym?
  • Are you afraid of needles?
  • Are you healthy?
  • Are your parents healthy?
  • Do think that you need to lose weight?
  • Do you always eat healthy food?
  • Do you bruise easily?
  • Do you catch a cold more than once a year?
  • Do you consider alcohol a drug?
  • Do you drink a lot?
  • Do you eat a lot of vegetables?
  • Do you eat lots of fruit?
  • Do you eat vegetables every day?
  • Do you ever get headaches?
    • Do you know anyone who suffers from migraine headaches?
  • Do you ever read magazines or news articles about health? If yes, what subject(s) do you find the most interesting?
  • Do you exercise?
    • What kind of exercise do you do?
    • How often do you exercise?
  • Do you go for regular medical check-ups?
  • Do you go to the dentist's twice a year?
  • Do you have a lot of stress?
  • Do you normally go one doctor in particular or any available doctor?
  • Do you have any allergies?
  • Do you have any scars?
    • Where are they?
    • Would you like to show them to the class?
  • Do you know anyone who suffers from backaches?
  • Do you know anyone with false teeth?
  • Do you often eat fast food?
  • Do you smoke?
    • If so, do you smoke more than two cigarettes a day?
    • Do you think smoking is not bad for your health?
  • Do you take medicine when you are sick?
  • Do you take vitamins or mineral supplements?
  • Do you take vitamins?
  • Do you think it is unhealthy to keep a cat in your home?
  • Do you think nuclear power is safe?
  • Do you think pets are good for a person's health
  • Do you think that the tobacco companies should be held reasonably responsible for a person's addiction to nicotine?
  • Do you think you are overweight?
  • Do you think you will live until a ripe old age? Why or why not?
  • Do you think you would be a good surgeon? Why or why not?
  • Do you use an alarm clock to wake up?
  • Do you usually get enough sleep?
  • Do you watch your weight? What foods do you think are healthy?
  • Have you ever been hospitalized?
    • (Have you ever been in the hospital?)
  • Have you ever been to an acupuncturist? What do you think of acupuncture?
  • Have you ever broken a bone?
  • Have you ever burned yourself with hot water?
  • Have you ever donated blood?
  • Have you ever gotten a black eye?
  • Have you ever had braces on your teeth?
  • Have you ever had stitches?
  • Have you ever sprained your ankle?
  • Have you ever taken a sleeping pill to get to sleep?
  • How can you reduce stress in your life?
  • How have you been feeling lately?
  • How many hours of sleep do you get a night?
  • How many hours of sleep do you usually get?
  • How often do you eat junk food?
    • What kinds of junk food do you eat?
  • How often do you exercise?
  • How often do you get a cold?
    • (How often do you catch a cold?)
  • How often do you get sick in one year?
  • How often do you go to the doctor's?
  • How often is garbage collected in your neighborhood?
  • How would you recommend treating a cold?
  • If a company sells the public a product they know to be harmful or addictive, should they be held responsible for the use of that product even if the government approves it?
  • If you smoke, how old were you when you started smoking?
  • If you were President of Korea, what would you do to improve Koreans' health?
  • Should smoking in restaurants be banned?
  • What are some things people can do to keep healthy?
  • What are some things that cause stress?
  • What are some ways to deal with stress?
  • What are some ways you know that you can personally keep yourself healthy?
  • What disease frightens you the most? Why?
  • What do you do to stay healthy?
    • (What are some things you do to keep healthy?)
  • What do you do, if you can't get to sleep?
  • What do you think about abortion? Why do some people support it and others are against it?
  • What do you think about getting old?
  • What do you think is the most serious health problem in Korea?
  • What do you think of cosmetic surgery? Do you know anyone who has had cosmetic surgery? Would you ever consider having cosmetic surgery?
  • What drinks to you think are healthy? What drinks do you think are unhealthy?
  • What foods to you think are healthy? What foods do you think are unhealthy?
  • What is the best way to find a doctor, if you're new in the area?
  • What is the best way to stop smoking?
  • What is the most horrible accident you have ever had?
  • What is the average age of people in your country
  • What kind of pollution is the most risky?
  • What time did you go to bed when you were a child?
  • What's the best way to stop smoking?
  • What's the highest temperature you've ever had?
  • What's your blood type?
  • When did you last take a bath?
  • When was the last time you went to a dentist?
  • When was the last time you went to a doctor?
  • When was the last time you went to a hospital?
  • When was the last time you were sick?
  • When you were in high school, how many days of school did you miss each year because of sickness?
  • Who do you think is responsible for the care of your health--you yourself, your parents, or your doctor and medical people?
  • Who is the healthiest person in your family? Who is the least healthy?
  • Why do people smoke?
  • Would you consider donating your organs after your death?
  • What is the health service like in your country?
  • What do you think of the health service in this country?
  • How can the health service be improved?
  • Have you been to hospital since you arrived here?
  • What do you know about the SARS virus?
    • What do you know about AIDS?
    • What do you know about the common cold?
  • What is alternative medicine?
    • Have you ever practiced alternative medicine?
  • What treatments or remedies do you follow when you have a cold?
  • which kind of medicine do you prefer to take when you are sick?
  • How often do you clean your bathroom?
  • Do you clean as often as your parent cleaned when you were a child?
  • Which parent did/does most of the cleaning in your household?
  • How old were you when you had start helping with the dishes/laundry/vacuuming/dusting/?
  • Were the chores divided equally between men and women?
  • Do people in your country usually wear deodorant?
  • How often do people in your country shower?
  • Have you ever ended a relationship because your partner cleaned too much or too little?
  • Have you ever ended a relationship because your partner had bad hygiene?
  • Do you enjoy cleaning? Which kind of cleaning do you enjoy most?
  • How often do you brush your teeth?
  • Have you ever swept something under the rug?
  • Do you use strong cleaners like bleach and ammonia?
  • Have you ever bought a miracle cleaner from a TV infomercial?
  • What's the best way to get stains out?
  • What alternative health therapies do you know about?
  • Have you ever tried any alternative health therapies?
  • Do you think traditional medicine is a good alternative to modern medicine?
  • In what circumstances should traditional or alternative medicine be used?
  • Do you think traditional therapies are compatible with modern medicine? Why or why not?
  • What are the advantages or disadvantages of modern medicine?
  • What are the advantages or disadvantages of traditional medicine?
  • What do you complain of?
  • What is wrong with you?
  • Have you any appetite?
  • How long have you been ill?
  • Have you any pain the back of your head?
  • How long has it been since you began to feel bad?
  • Have you a bitter taste in your mouth?
  • Do you feel nauseous?
  • Do you sleep well?
  • Is it hard to swallow?
  • Do we need to eat as much junk food as we do?
  • Have you ever realized during a dream that it is a dream; and have you then been able to change events in that dream?
  • Do you think the government is doing all it can to prevent disease?
  • What do you think of wellness institutions and their programs?
  • How do you deal with stress?




Questions related with healthy lifestyle:
  • Do you think you have a healthy life style?
    • Is it possible to have a healthy life style in modern world?
    • Why do many people try to have a healthy life style?
    • What is the main purpose of it?
  • What is healthy food?
    • Do you pay much attention to what you eat?
    • Do you think it is more important for you to eat healthy or tasty food?
  • Do you try to eat your breakfast, lunch and dinner at a certain time every day?
  • Do you have a snack every time you are hungry or do you wait for the lunch or dinner?
  • Do you agree with the saying: "Eat your breakfast, share your lunch with a friend and give your dinner to your enemy"? Why do people say so?
  • What is healthy about not eating after 6 p.m?
    • Are you a success?
  • Is obesity a great problem in where you live?
    • What are the most efficient ways to loose weight?
  • Do you think diets are useful or not?
    • Have you ever tried to go on a diet?
    • What kind of diet was it?
    • Did it work?
  • Is physical activity (jogging, going to a gym, swimming pool) an important part of a healthy life style?
  • Can you tell a physically inactive person from someone who takes care of his\her physical condition?
  • What is your attitude to smoking?
    • What about passive smoking?
  • Is it hard to give up smoking?
    • What is the best way to give up smoking?
  • What is a healthy dose of alcohol?
    • What is the damage of alcohol abuse to health?
  • How many hours of sleep do you need daily?
  • Do you try to go to bed and get up at certain hours every day?
  • Do you often find yourself under stress?
  • What are the areas of your life where stress situations take place more often?
    • Work?
    • Family?
    • Relationships with friends?
    • While commuting to work?
  • How do you usually cope with stress?
  • Is there any connection between the person's style of life and the duration of his life?
  • What do you prefer, to eat everything you like, drink a lot, smoke, have no physical exercise and die at the age of 60 or lead a healthy life and live until 100?





5. DEVELOPING CONVERSATIONS


GO TO: Passing on messages




6. GRAMMAR


GO TO: Supposed to be -ing and should




8. VOCABULARY


GO TO: Parts of the Body and Illnesses


Do the quiz:




Doctor Alberto Marti Bosch: Cancer




Famous people:
AIDS
Freddie Mercury
12 AIDS Freddie.gif
"Magic" Johnson
12 AIDS Magic.gif
Rock Hudson
12 AIDS Rock Hudson.jpg

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_HIV-positive_people
diabetes
Alexander Graham Bell
12 Diabetes Alexander Graham Bell.jpg
Jules Verne
12 diabetes Jules Verne writers.jpg

http://www.ranker.com/list/famous-people-who-died-of-diabetes-mellitus/reference?page=1
a stroke
Al Capone
12 stroke Al Capone.jpg
Alfred Nobel
12 stroke Alfred Nobel.jpg
Cary Grant
12 stroke Cary Grant.jpg
David Tomlinson
12 stroke David Tomlinson.jpg
Josep Stalin
12 stroke Joseph Stalin.jpg
Alzheimer's
Charlon Heston
12 Alzheimers Charlton Heston.jpg
James Stewart
12 Alzheimers James Stewart.jpg
Rita Hayworth
12 Alzheimers Rita Hayworth.jpg
Ronald Reagan
12 Alzeimer Ronald Reagan.jpg

Parkinson's
Deborah Kerr
12 Partkinsons Deborah Kerr.jpg
Pope John Paul II
12 Parkinsons Pope John Paul II.jpg



tuberculosis
Alfonso XII of Spain
12 tuberculosis Alfonso XII of Spain.jpg
Anne Brontë
12 tuberculosis Anne Bronte.jpg
Emily Brontë
12 tuberculosis Emily Bronte.jpg
Denholm Elliot
12 tuberculosis Denholm Elliott.jpg
Frédéric Chopin
12 tuberculosis Frederic Chopin.jpg
hepatitis
Jorge Negrete
12 hepatitis Jorge Negrete.jpg
Ray Charles
12 hepatitis Ray Charles.jpg





Other diseases:

DISEASE
SOURCE OF DISEASE

cancer

any type of malignant growth or tumour, caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division: it may spread through the lymphatic system or blood stream to other parts of the body
cholera
vibrio cholerae
an acute intestinal infection characterized by severe diarrhoea, cramp, etc.: caused by ingestion of water or food contaminated with the bacterium Vibrio comma, (Also called) Asiatic cholera, epidemic cholera, Indian cholera
diphtheria
corynebacterium diphtheriae
an acute contagious disease caused by the bacillus Corynebacterium diphtheriae, producing fever, severe prostration, and difficulty in breathing and swallowing as the result of swelling of the throat and formation of a false membrane
epidemic typhus
rickettsia prowazekii
any one of a group of acute infectious rickettsial diseases characterized by high fever, skin rash, and severe headache, (Also called) typhus fever
gonorrhea
neisseria gonorrhoeae
an infectious venereal disease caused by a gonococcus, characterized by a burning sensation when urinating and a mucopurulent discharge from the urethra or vagina
hepatitis A / B / C / D / E
hepatitis A / B / C / D / E virus
inflammation of the liver, characterized by fever, jaundice, and weakness
human papillomavirus (HPV) infection
human papillomavirus (HPV)
any one of a class of viruses that cause tumours, including warts, in humans. Certain strains infect the cervix and have been implicated as a cause of cervical cancer
Epstein-Barr virus infectious mononucleosis (Mono)
Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV)
an acute infectious disease, caused by Epstein-Barr virus, characterized by fever, sore throat, swollen and painful lymph nodes, and abnormal lymphocytes in the blood,
Kawasaki's disease
unknown
a disease of children that causes a rash, fever, and swelling of the lymph nodes and often damages the heart muscle
malaria
plasmodium genus
an infectious disease characterized by recurring attacks of chills and fever, caused by the bite of an anopheles mosquito infected with any of four protozoans of the genus Plasmodium (P. vivax, P. falciparum, P. malariae, or P. ovale)
meningitis
multiple
an acute infectious form of meningitis caused by the bacterium Neisseria meningitidis, characterized by high fever, skin rash, delirium, stupor, and sometimes coma
pneumonia
multiple
inflammation of one or both lungs, in which the air sacs (alveoli) become filled with liquid, which renders them useless for breathing. It is usually caused by bacterial (esp. pneumococcal) or viral infection
salmonellosis
salmonella genus
any Gram-negative rod-shaped aerobic bacterium of the genus Salmonella, including S. typhosa, which causes typhoid fever, and many species (notably S. enteritidis) that cause food poisoning (salmonellosis): family Enterobacteriaceae
syphilis
treponema pallidum
a venereal disease caused by infection with the microorganism Treponema pallidum: characterized by an ulcerating chancre, usually on the genitals and progressing through the lymphatic system to nearly all tissues of the body, producing serious clinical manifestations
tetanus
clostridium tetani
lockjaw an acute infectious disease in which sustained muscular spasm, contraction, and convulsion are caused by the release of exotoxins from the bacterium, Clostridium tetani: infection usually occurs through a contaminated wound



9. READING


GO TO: Health and humour




10. PRONUNCIATION


Sound chunking and stress

Read this joke aloud:

A man goes to the doctor


He pokes himself
and says


in the ribs
" Doc.


"Aagh"
I think there's something wrong with me


He pokes himself
Every time I poke myself


in the head
it hurts.


and he literally screams in agony
Look!"


"Aaaaagh!
And he starts poking himself.


You see what I mean, Doc?
He pokes himself in the leg.


You see how bad it is?
"Ouch"


What's happening to me?"



And the doctor replies //



"Yes ...





11. SPEAKING


GO TO: Health and humour





12. GRAMMAR


GO TO: Determiners




13. LISTENING


GO TO: The rise of medical tourism









KINDS OF DOCTORS:


cardiologist


consultant
a specialist who gives expert advice or information
especialista
GP = General Practitioner


dentist


dermatologist


gynecologist / obstetrician


matron / midwife


midwife / matron


obstetrician / gynecologist


ophthalmologist


pediatrician


physiotherapist


psychiatrist


surgeon






14. SPEAKING


GO TO: Going to the Doctor











María Ángeles A.






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