.

0. VOCABULARY



GO TO: VOCABULARY: CARS - UNIT 11


Travel English Lesson on Car Rental


1. SPEAKING


11 types of car 01.jpg


automobile

a self-propelled road vehicle designed to carry passengers, esp. one with four wheels that is powered by an internal-combustion engine
automatic
11 automatic-transmission.gif
a car in which the gears change by themselves without any action by the driver
buggy
11 buggy car.jpg
a light horse-drawn carriage having either four wheels (esp. in the U.S. and Canada) or two wheels (esp. in Britain and India)
cabriolet
11 Audi_Cabriolet.jpg
a car with a roof that can be folded back
camper van
11 camper van.jpeg
a motor caravan
car

auto, automobile
classic car
11 classic car.jpg
a high-quality car built between 1925 and 1948
compact (car)
compact car.jpg
a small car
convertible (car)
11 convertible car.jpg
a car with a roof that can be folded back or removed completely
coupé
11 laguna-coupe-2.jpg
a car with two side doors and a back that slopes downwards
courtesy car

a car that a garage gives you to use while it is repairing your own car
cruiser
11 cruiser.jpg
a high-speed, long-range warship of medium displacement, armed with medium calibre weapons or missiles(a police car)
demo

a car that people drive to decide whether they want to buy one like it
dragster (car)
11 dragster car.jpg
a car used in a drag race
economy
11 compact car.jpg

electric car
11 electric car - rechargable.jpg
charged
estate car
11 estate car.jpg
a car with a comparatively long body containing a large carrying space, reached through a rear door: usually the back seats can be folded forward to increase the carrying space; a long car with an extra door at the back and a lot of space behind the back seats
family car
family car.jpg
a comfortable car for a family (medium size)
four-door


four-wheel drive
11 four-wheel-drive.jpg
vehicle in which all four wheels receive power from the engine to help with steering. This makes the vehicle easier to drive on rough roads or surfaces such as sand or snow.
front-wheel drive
11 front-wheel drive.gif
a car with this system
gas guzzler
11 gas guzzler.jpeg
a car that is expensive to drive because it uses a lot of petrol
gas-electric
11 gas electric car.jpg

gearshift

stick shift
getaway car / van / vehicle
11 getaway car.jpg
the vehicle that criminals use when they are driving away, for example from a bank where they have stolen money
a good runner

a car with an engine that works well
hardtop
11 hardtop car.jpg
a car with a metal roof, especially one that can be removed
hatchback
11 Hatchback Car.jpg
a type of car that has an extra door on the back that opens from the bottom instead of the side
hearse
11 hearse car.jpg
a large car used for carrying a dead person in a coffin
hot rod
11 hot rod car.jpg
a car whose engine has been changed so it can go much faster
hybrid
11 hybrid car.jpeg
You can use hybrid to refer to anything that is a mixture of other things, especially two other things.
jeep
11 jeep.jpg
A Jeep is a type of car that can travel over rough ground.
limo

a limousine
limousine
11 limo.jpg
a large expensive comfortable car in which a screen separates the driver from the passengers
luxury car
11 luxury car.jpeg
cars which are not necessary, but which give you pleasure or make your driving more comfortable.
minicab
11 minicab.jpg
a car that is used as a taxi. You must call for it by telephone and you cannot stop it in the street.
minivan
11 minivan.jpg

motor caravan
11 camper van.jpeg
a motor vehicle fitted with equipment for cooking, sleeping, etc., like that of a caravan
off-road vehicle
11 off-road car.jpg
a vehicle that is designed to travel over rough ground
people carriers
people carriers.jpg
for more than five people
racing car
11 racing car.jpg
a car that is designed and used for racing
right-hand drive
11 right-hand drive car.jpg
a right-hand drive vehicle is designed to be driven by someone sitting on the right
roadster
11 Roadster Car.jpg
a car with no roof and only two seats.
runabout
11 runabout car.jpg
a small car that is used for making short journeys. In American English, runabout is used of cars with open tops.
saloon
11 saloon car.jpg
a closed car with a front and back seat for passengers and a boot for carrying things such as suitcases. The American word is sedan.
sedan

a closed two-door or four-door car with four to six seats (a saloon for the Americans)
soft-top car
11 soft-top car.jpg
a car that has a roof made of cloth that can be opened and folded back
sports car
11 sports car.jpg
a small fast car, often with a roof that you can take off
sports utility vehicle (SUV)
11 Urban SUV front three quarter.jpg
a powerful vehicle with four-wheel drive that can be driven over rough ground. The abbreviation SUV is often used.
sporty
11 sporty car.jpeg
a sporty car looks fast and expensive
squad car
11 squad car.jpg
a car used by police officers
station wagon
11 station wagon.jpg
an estate car
stock car
11 stock car.jpg
an ordinary car that has been changed for racing, or an old car used for racing
stretch limo
11 strech limo.jpg
a very long car with a large and comfortable space inside for several passengers
subcompact (car)
11 subcompact car.jpg
a subcompact car is the smallest type of car, slightly smaller than a compact car
taxi
11 London Taxi.jpg
a car whose driver is paid to take you to a particular place, especially a fairly short distance
taxi cab
11 taxi cab.jpg
the same as a taxi
two-door


van
11 van.jpg
is a small or medium-sized road vehicle with one row of seats at the front and a space for carrying goods behind.
vintage car
11 vintage car.jpg
an old car, especially one that was built between 1919 and 1930


Native Speaker English


Security check:
Security Check 02.gif




Security Check 01.jpg





Check-up:
check-up 01.jpg

a checkup / a check-up
It's a routine medical exam (chequeo, revisión médica) (British and American English)
My company insists I have a check-up once a year.
a check up
comprobación, puesta a punto (del coche) (American English)
http://www.pepboys.com/lp_pep_boys_free_services/ (USA website)
to check up
confirmar, comprobar
Can you check up what time the film starts?
They never neck up to see how much it costs.



2. LISTENING 1


GO TO: RENTING A CAR



· extras

A-
Would you like to have any extras in the car?
B-
Yes, I would like to have a GPS.
A-
Ok, but there is an additional charge of 5 pounds a day.
.
air conditioning
air conditioning.jpg

automatic gearbox
automatic transmission.jpg

bay seat
baby seat.jpg

bluetooth
bluetooth.jpg

cruise control
cruise control.jpg

heated seat(s)
heated seats.jpg

leather seat(s)
leather seats.jpg

parking sensor
parking sensor.jpg

satnav / GPS
satnav.jpg
satellite navigator



3. VOCABULARY


a tune-up
afinación, puesta a punto (puede ser de un coche o un instrumento)
My car needs a tune-up.
I'm going to get my car in for a tune-up.
A tune-up will insure the working condition of the vehicle before taking it on a trip.
to tune up
afinar, puesta a punto (puede ser un coche o un instrumento)
I take my car to the mechanic on a regular schedule to let him tune up the engine and perform routine maintenance.



to tune /tju:n/
to change things in your car until it is the way you want it



Vocabulary related with cars:
baby seat
baby seat.jpg
child safety seat (for children under 2)
battery
11 battery.jpg
a rechargeable device for storing electrical energy in the form of chemical energy, consisting of one or more separate secondary cells
booster seat
booster seat.jpg
child safety seat (for children from 2 to 8)
boot
11 car boot.jpg
(Brit.) an enclosed compartment of a car for holding luggage, etc., usually at the rear, (U.S. and Canadian name) trunk
brakes
11 brakes.jpg
a device for slowing or stopping a vehicle, wheel, shaft, etc., or for keeping it stationary, esp. by means of friction
breakdown

to cease to function; become ineffective
bump
11 bump.jpeg
an impact; knock; jolt; collision
chipped
chipped.jpg
with a small piece or pieces broken off
chipped windscreen.jpg
cracked
cracked_auto_windscreen.jpg
something damaged with one or more thin lines on its surface
dent
11 car dent.jpg
a hollow or dip in a surface, as one made by pressure or a blow
diesel
11 diesel car.jpg
a ship, locomotive, lorry, etc., driven by a diesel engine
engine
11 engine.jpg
any machine designed to convert energy, esp. thermal energy, into mechanical work
flat tyre
11 flat tyre.jpg
a punctured car tyre
fuel
11 fuel.jpg
any substance burned as a source of heat or power, such as coal or petrol
fuel-efficient

functioning or producing effectively and with the least waste of effort (or in this case, the least waste of fuel)
GPS
11 gps.jpg
global positioning system
handbrake
11 handbrake.jpg
(e.g. put the handbrake on) a brake operated by a hand lever
insurance
11 car insurance.jpg
the act, system, or business of providing financial protection for property, life, health, etc., against specified contingencies, such as death, loss, or damage, and involving payment of regular premiums in return for a policy guaranteeing such protection
mileage
11 mileage.jpeg
the total number of miles that a motor vehicle has travelled
motor
11 engine.jpg
the engine, especially an internal-combustion engine, of a vehicle
one-way (car) rental
one-way car rental.jpg
one-way car rental.jpg

You leave the car you rented in the same place you took it.
rear door
11 car rear door.jpg
the door at the back of the car
rear window
11 Rear Window.JPG
the window at the back of the car
returnable
11 money-refund-return.jpg
able to be taken, given, or sent back
safety distance
/ stopping distance
safety distance.jpg
the distance travelled between the time when someone decides to stop a vehicle moving, and the time when the vehicle completely stops.
.
(security distance: doesn't exist)
scratch
11 car scratch.jpg
to mark or cut (the surface of something) with a rough or sharp instrument
scuff
scuff.jpg
to make a rough mark on a smooth surface, especially on a shoe or floor
small print
11 small print.gif
matter in a contract, etc., printed in small type, esp. when considered to be a trap for the unwary
spare tyre
11 spare tyre.jpg
an additional tyre, usually mounted on a wheel, carried by a motor vehicle in case of puncture
stopping distance
/ safety distance
safety distance.jpg
the distance travelled between the time when someone decides to stop a vehicle moving, and the time when the vehicle completely stops.
.
(security distance: doesn't exist)
tank
11 tank.jpg
a large container or reservoir for the storage of liquids or gases
tyre
11 tyres.jpg
a rubber ring placed over the rim of a wheel of a road vehicle to provide traction and reduce road shocks, esp. a hollow inflated ring (pneumatic tyre) consisting of a reinforced outer casing enclosing an inner tube
voucher
11 car voucher.png
a document serving as evidence for some claimed transaction, as the receipt or expenditure of money
wheel
wheel.jpg
a solid disc, or a circular rim joined to a hub by radial or tangential spokes, that is mounted on a shaft about which it can turn, as in vehicles and machines
windscreen
11 windscreen.JPG
(Brit) the sheet of flat or curved glass that forms a window of a motor vehicle, esp. the front window, (U.S. and Canadian name) windshield
wing mirror
11 wing mirror.jpg
a mirror on the outside of a car door that allows the driver to see the vehicles that are behind or overtaking


Engine vs. motor:
engine
máquina que convierte energía térmica en energía mecánica (i.e. motor térmico). El motor de un coche se llama engine (si es de steam, diesel, petrol). A su vez, engine es un tipo particular de motor.
· a machine that changes energy (such as heat from burning fuel) into mechanical motion.
petrol engine, diesel engine, internal combustion engine
motor
máquina que convierte un tipo de energía en energía mecánica. Un motor eléctrico o de aire comprimido.
· a machine that produces motion or power for doing work.
electric motor



Comparing car insurances:
11 compare-car-insurance.jpg

Car upgrade:
11 car Upgrade Voucher.jpg


assistant
(the person who works at a car rentals shop)

car rentals shop.jpg
car rental company / place


car rentals shop.jpg
car rentals shop


car rentals shop.jpg


HOW TO DIAGNOSE PROBLEMS WITH YOUR CAR:

1.
You will need an on-board diagnostics reader (OBD) if your car was made after 1995 and some basic car knowledge:
- plug the reader into a port located under your dashboard when your car begins acting up, and it will identify the problem.
- expensive readers will spell out what's wrong, while cheaper models will give you a code to translate.
2.
Learn what smoke coming from your tailpipe means:
- black smoke indicates your fuel calibration is off.
- blue smoke means you're burning too much oil.
- white smoke means coolant is leaking.
Smoke coming from the hood is likely from a crack in one of the radiator hoses (leave the car cool down before you pop the hood). Although if you've recently had your oil check, see if the service station attendant forgot to put the oil cap back on.
3.
Know which signs mean big trouble and which mean you just need to refill one of your fluids.
- an engine that moans when you steer likely needs power steering fluid.
- a brake that sinks to the floor when you stop needs brake fluid.
- a clattering engine requires immediate attention (pull over, turn off the car, and call for roadside assistance).
4.
A car that screeches:
- when you accelerate may just need a new fan belt.
- when you steer may simply need a power steering belt adjusted.
- when you slow down means it's time for new brake pads.
5.
Recognise the noises that indicate an easy fix:
- a clicking wheel may just have a loose hubcap or a stone stuck in it.
- a clicking engine could mean you've got a bad valve.
- a loud, rapid rat-tat-tat sound of metal slapping metal could be a damaged or loose fan blade.
- a hiss usually means a leaking hose.
6.
If you hear thumping noises coming from the back of your car, check to see if something in your trunk is rattling around before you panic.
If the sound is more like a rumble and it gets worse when you turn, your wheel bearings may be worn out.
7.
If your engine is squealing like a pig, it's probably just a loose belt.
If you just drove through water, it could be that the belts are wet and the noise will go away as soon as they dry.
8.
If you notice that your car is dripping a clear fluid:
- If it is slippery, you might be leaking brake fluid, a situation that needs to be checked immediately.
- If it isn't slippery, it's probably just water coming from the air conditioning unit, which is normal.
- Clear fuid can also be gasoline, but you'll know that from the distinct smell.
- Some brake fluids have a yellowish tint.
9.
Know the colours of your car fluids in case you ever see a puddle of them beneath your car:
- coolant is usually green, but it can be red or brownish red as well and the colour is translucent.
- an opaque dark red colour means you're leaking either transmission or power steering fluid.
- black, brown or amber fluid is engine or gear oil.
10.
Know the sounds that mean serious business:
- if your engine gives off a knocking sound that gets faster as you drive, roars when you speed up, or whines in general, see a technician as soon as possible.
One study of auto repair shops found that 52% of repair charges represented completely unnecessary work.

Vocabulary:
auto parts store
tienda de piezas de recambio

hood
capó

rumble
retumbo; ruido sordo
belt
cinturón, correa

hose
mangera, manga

screech
chillido; chirriar
bearing
comportamiento

hubcap
tapa, tapón

slap
abofetear, golpear
blade
hoja, filo, cuchilla

leak
escape, fuga, gotera

slipppery
resbaladizo, escurridizo
clatter
repiquetear

meltdown
colapso; derretir

squeal
chillar, chirriar, rechinar
click
clic, chasquido

moans
gemir, quejarse en exceso

steer
conducir, manejar, dirigir
coolant
refrigerante

pad
almohadilla, cojinete

tailpipe
tubo de escape
dashboard
tablero

puddle
charco

thumping
ruido sordo
drip
gotear

radiator hose
manguera de radiador

valve
válvula
fix
reparar

rattle
repiquetar, cascabel de la serpiente

whine
gimotear, chirriar
gear
engranaje

roll
rodar

worn-out
agotado, gastado
hiss
sisear

roar
rugir










CHECKING CAR TIRE TREAD WEAR:
What can you do with a penny?

tread
banda de rodadura
wear
desgaste






TV SHOW:

pimp
proxeneta
to pimp
chulear


A suggestion: observe the rules of the country where you are driving:
In many country pedestrians have right of way (preferencia):
For example, in Atlanta, many drivers aren’t sure what to do when they encounter a pedestrian. In 1995 the Georgia legislature changed the crosswalk law such that drivers must “stop and stay stopped” for pedestrians. Be sure you know the law. You’ll avoid a ticket and maybe save a life.
Many drivers aren’t sure what to do when they encounter a pedestrian. In 1995 the Georgia legislature changed the crosswalk law such that drivers must “stop and stay stopped” for pedestrians, not just yield to them. Be sure you know the law. You’ll avoid a ticket and maybe save a life. - See more at: http://peds.org/resources/pedestrian_right_of_way/#sthash.kDe5bHcz.dpuf
pedestrians in Poland.jpg




Unfortunately, in Krakow (Poland) the right of way for pedestrians seem not to be that clear.



Do the quiz:





4. LISTENING 2


GO TO: RENTING A CAR: Reporting Car Problems





5. DEVELOPING CONVERSATIONS


GO TO: EXPRESSING SURPRISE OF SHOCK





6. CONVERSATION PRACTICE


GO TO: CONVERSATION




7. READING


GO TO: Amazing Journeys / Driving in Different Countries





8. GRAMMAR


GO TO: Uncountable Nous




9. VOCABULARY


GO TO: Driving



10. LISTENING


GO TO: Driving


Click on the image and do the activities:
examenglish - holidays and breaks.jpg



Click on the image and do the activities:
esolcourses - Preparing for the Great North Run.jpg



11. GRAMMAR


GO TO: Emphatic structures







María Ángeles A.




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