.

7. READING


ROUTE 66:

The 4,500-kilometre drive across the United States is known as Route 66, also called the Main street of America, it goes from Chicago to Los Angeles, it was built in 1925 and was officially removed in 1985 as the government changed the naming of the road system. It is still referred to as Route 66 by fans though.

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bumpy
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having an uneven surface
desolate
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uninhabited; deserted
disrepair

the condition of being worn out or in poor working order; a condition requiring repairs
out-of-the-way

distant, far-flung, inaccessible, isolated, lonely, obscure, off the beaten track, outlying, remote, secluded, unfrequented


Renting a Car on Route 66
The best thing to do regarding rental cars is to go to the websites of the major international car rental agencies (Budget, Dollar, Thrifty, Avis, National, Hertz, Alamo, etc.) or try CarRentals.com and compare. Rates are very erratic and change constantly. Contrary to popular belief, with the exception of small local agencies which you will want to avoid, no one agency is consistently cheaper than another. It all depends on when you will be traveling, your departure point and destination, how long you will be gone, the type of vehicle you would like, when you order, how much they want your business at the moment, etc.
Another company you may want to check out is Auto Driveaway. This may be the least expensive way for you.
Hint: because of all the Route 66 travelers renting cars and driving East to West (the customary direction), the agencies have many more cars in the West. So, when you make comparisons, you will find the drop off fee for your car will usually be less if you drive West to East.












FROM MOSCOW TO BEIJIN:

The 6,000-kilometre journey from Moscow to Beijin is known as the Trans-Siberian express, it starts in Moscow and finishes in Beijin and you can get off and explore for a couple of days and then get another train to continue your journey.

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Yaroslavski station, Moscow
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Typical Siberian Scenery:
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Typical Siberian Scenery:
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Typical Siberian Scenery:
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Lake Baikal
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Lake Baikal
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Lake Baikal:
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Lake Baikal
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Ulan Ude:
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The Selenge River:
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The Gobi Desert:
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China:
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Pics taken from: http://www.seat61.com/Trans-Siberian-moscow-beijing.htm#.UgytW6yM-8o

Vocabulary:
claustrophobic
an abnormal fear of being closed in or of being in a confined space
redundancy payment
a sum of money given by an employer to an employee who has been made redundant: usually calculated on the basis of the employee's rate of pay and length of service







Video taken from: http://www.theatlantic.com/video/archive/2013/03/trans-mongolian-express-7-500-km-by-train-from-beijing-to-moscow/273987/



THE CAMINO DE SANTIAGO

The 800-kilometre walk from the south of France to Spain is known as the Camino (St James' way). People usually start in the French Pyrenees and end in the Spanish city of Santiago de Compostela. They either walk, cycle or go on horses or donkeys.

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.
blister
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a small bubble-like elevation of the skin filled with serum, produced as a reaction to a burn, mechanical irritation, etc
set off

to embark on a journey

Watch it:
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Extra vocabulary for the activities:
bankrupt
officially say you have no money and cannot pay your debts
desolate
completely empty with no people or peasant scenery
disrepair
in a broken or damaged state
set off
start a journey



ESCAPE




Other places of Pilgrimage:


Some other Places of Pilgrimage by Christians:
Why Pilgrimage? Pilgrimage is an important part of spiritual life for many Christians. Christians see life itself as a journey, coming from God and returning to God. The pilgrim seeks to separate himself from the everyday concerns of the world, and to spend time in the presence of God as he travels to a place of special meaning. A pilgrimage is a symbol that is acted out.
Back in the Middle Ages pilgrimages were very popular. Pilgrimage was long and very dangerous - not at all like a holiday! It may have taken many years. The pilgrims would usually travel in groups, and stay in monasteries or inns overnight.
People went on pilgrimage for many reasons - perhaps to say sorry to God for something they had done wrong (penance), or because they were ill and wanted God to heal them.
How do people decide where to go on pilgrimage? Over the years, places have become special for different reasons, and Christians decide to visit them to become closer to God in these special places.
Here are some of the best-known places Christians visit on pilgrimage:
Holy Lands (Israel / Palestine)
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Many visit the places where Jesus lived, especially during the Christian festivals (Bethlehem at Christmas, Jerusalem at Easter).


St. Peter's Basilica, Rome, Italy
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St. Peter, disciple of Jesus, was martyred and believed to be buried here. It is the centre of the Roman Catholic church, and home of the Pope.


Lourdes, France
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In 1858, a young girl called Bernadette Soubivous had a vision of Jesus' mother, Mary. The spring waters that flow from the fountains are believed to bring miraculous healing from God.
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Visit the Lourdes website

Canterbury
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Thomas Becket , Archbishop of Canterbury, was martyred here.
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Go to a virtual tour of Canterbury Cathedral
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Visit the Canterbury website
Walsingham, England
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In 1061 Richeldis de Faverches had a vision of Jesus' mother Mary, and built a replica of the humble house where Jesus was born. An Augustine Priory was built there, and today there are Roman Catholic and Anglican shrines.
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Visit the Walsingham website

Iona, Scotland
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In 530 AD St. Columba travelled from Ireland and landed at Iona to convert the people to Christianity. He started a monastery here.
(Photograph © Iona Community)
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Go to 'Iona as a Place of Pilgrimage'
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Visit the Iona website
Knock, Ireland
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On 21st August 1879 a group of people standing outside the church saw a heavenly vision there.(Photo: © 2001-2002 www.fantasyjackpalance.com)


St. David's, Wales
St. David's
St. David's
Dewi Sant (St. David) lived here and helped spread the Christian faith in Wales.
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Go to a virtual tour of St. David's Cathedral
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Visit the St. David website
Info and pics taken from: http://www.request.org.uk/main/dowhat/pilgrimage/places/places01.htm




Some other Places of Pilgrimage by Buddhists:
There are four places that Buddhists make pilgrimage to:



Some other Places of Pilgrimage by Hindus:
According to Karel Werner's Popular Dictionary of Hinduism, "most Hindu places of pilgrimage are associated with legendary events from the lives of various gods.... Almost any place can become a focus for pilgrimage, but in most cases they are sacred cities, rivers, lakes, and mountains." Hindus are encouraged to undertake pilgrimages during their lifetime, though this practice is not considered absolutely mandatory. Most Hindus visit sites within their region or locale.
Kumbh Mela:
Kumbh Mela is the largest pilgrimage recorded in history. Kumbh Mela is also credited with the largest gathering of humans in the entire world. The location is rotated among Allahabad, Haridwar, Nashik, and Ujjain.
Char Dham (Famous Four Pilgrimage sites):
The four holy sites Puri, Rameswaram, Dwarka, and Badrinath (or alternatively the Himalayan towns of Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri, and Yamunotri) compose the Char Dham (four abodes) pilgrimage circuit.
Old Holy cities as per Puranic Texts:
Varanasi formerly known as Kashi, Allahabad formerly known as Prayag, Haridwar-Rishikesh, Mathura-Vrindavan, Pandharpur, Paithan and Ayodhya.
Major Temple cities:
Puri, which hosts a major Vaishnava Jagannath temple and Rath Yatra celebration; Katra, home to the Vaishno Devi temple; Three comparatively recent temples of fame and huge pilgrimage are Shirdi, home to Sai Baba of Shirdi, Tirumala - Tirupati, home to the Tirumala Venkateswara Temple; and Sabarimala,where Swami Ayyappan is worshipped.
Shakti Peethas:
Another important set of pilgrimages are the Shakti Peethas, where the Mother Goddess is worshipped, the two principal ones being Kalighat and Kamakhya.




Some other Places of Pilgrimage by Muslims:
The pilgrimage to Mecca (the Hajj) is one of the Five Pillars of Islam. It should be attempted at least once in the lifetime of all able-bodied Muslims who can afford to do so. It is the most important of all Muslim pilgrimages, and is the largest pilgrimage for Muslims.
Another important place for Muslims is the city of Medina, the second holiest place in Islam, in Saudi Arabia, where Muhammad rests in Al-Masjid al-Nabawi (the Mosque of the Prophet).
The ihram (white robes of pilgrimage) is meant to show equality of all pilgrims in the eyes of Allah: that there is no difference between a prince and a pauper. Ihram is also symbolic for holy virtue and pardon from all past sins.
While wearing the ihram in Mecca, a pilgrim may not shave, clip their nails, wear perfume, swear or quarrel, hunt, kill any creature, uproot or damage plants, cover the head for men or the face and hands for women, marry, wear shoes over the ankles, perform any dishonest acts or carry weapons. If they do any of these their pilgrimage is invalid.




Some other Places of Pilgrimage by Jews:
The Temple in Jerusalem was the center of the Jewish religion until its destruction in 70 CE, and all adult men who were able were required to visit and offer sacrifices (korbanot), particularly during Passover, Shavuot and Sukkot.
Following the destruction of the Second Temple and the onset of the diaspora, the centrality of pilgrimage to Jerusalem in Judaism was discontinued. In its place came prayers and rituals hoping for a return to Zion and the accompanying restoration of regular pilgrimages.
Until recent centuries, pilgrimage had been a fairly difficult and arduous adventure. But now, Jews from many countries make periodic pilgrimages to the holy sites of their religion.
The western retaining wall of the Temple Mount, known as the Western Wall or Wailing Wall, remains in the Old City of Jerusalem and this has been the most sacred site for religious Jews. Pilgrimage to this area was off-limits from 1948 to 1967, when East Jerusalem was controlled by Jordan.
There are numerous lesser Jewish pilgrimage sites, mainly tombs of tzadikim, throughout the Land of Israel and all over the world, including: Hebron; Bethlehem; Mt. Meron; Netivot; Uman, Ukraine; Silistra, Bulgaria; Damanhur, Egypt; and many others.



Places you can't miss:
Visit: http://travel.nationalgeographic.com/travel/top-10/

Info taken from: http://www.theguardian.com/travel/2004/jan/11/observerescapesection8


20 journeys of a lifetime

Why stop in one place when a fantastic journey can be the holiday itself? From Everest to Timbuktu, Jill Hartley selects great adventures you will never forget
Jill Hartley
The Observer, Sunday 11 January 2004

Most of our great journeys can be tackled by anyone of average fitness, but the following guide should help you decide
A Above-average fitness needed to cope with serious day-long treks, sometimes at high altitude
B Should be prepared to walk up to five hours a day and be able to withstand climate extremes
C Moderate fitness required for slightly longer journeys and occasional walks
D Suits any age or fitness level, with little exertion beyond gentle sightseeing

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1 Ruta Maya Antigua - Quetzaltenango (Guatemala), then San Cristobal - Palenque - Merida (Mexico), Belize City - Caye Caulker (Belize), Tikal - Lake Atitlan - Antigua (Guatemala). Distance: 2,700 kilometres.
A classic journey through Central America, tracing the route of the ancient Mayans, the indigenous people of Guatemala, Belize and Mexico. Doing it by brightly painted chicken bus is part of the fun and is the best way to arrive at the colourful local markets, famed for their textiles. For a perfect combo, take in the Mexican Mayan ruins of Uxmal and Chichen Itza; chill out in Belize for white-water rafting and diving the barrier reef; then see Guatemala's great carpets of jungle, the volcanic landscapes of Lake Atitlan and Tikal, the most atmospheric of the Mayan sites, where the hush is pierced by screeching parrots, toucans and howler monkeys.
Transport: Bus
Timing: 22 days
Fitness: C
Do it with: Journey Latin America (020 8747 8315; www.journeylatinamerica.co.uk) includes all the above in its 21-night 'Quetzal' escorted tour, from £1,931
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2 Milford Track, New Zealand
Teanau Downs - Milford Sound. Distance: 50km
Traversing the heart of South Island's wild fjord country, the Milford Track is often described as the finest walk in the world. Famed for spectacular sogginess, Milford in the rain - when torrents of water rush down the inky mountains - was the eighth wonder of the world according to Kipling. Highlights include a possible encounter with a genuine kiwi, periwinkle blue glacial lakes, sheer granite canyons and mystical mossy forests (very Lord of the Rings). On sunny days you can swim in icy water holes, and risk a drenching by walking right behind the roaring Sutherland Falls, fifth highest on the planet at 540m (1,904ft). The trek culminates in a boat trip on Milford Sound, home to fur seals and bottlenose dolphins.
Transport: Foot/boat
Timing: 5 days
Fitness: B
Do it with: High Places (0114 275 7500; www.highplaces.co.uk) offers a 15-night fly-drive tour of South Island, including the five-day guided trek, for £2,450
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3 Road to Damascus
Damascus (Syria) - Petra (Jordan). Distance: 300km
In some ways there's never been a better time to visit the Middle East as continuing troubles mean fewer tourist hordes. Twinning Syria with Jordan combines the best of the region's famed crusader castles and desert cities. Damascus, once the centre of the Islamic world, and Jordan's Rose Red City of Petra, best seen from horseback, rank on the globe's must-see list alongside the pyramids and the Taj. Other high points of this road trip include the ancient caravan cities of Dura Europos and Palmyra and the well-preserved Roman city of Jerash. You also get the chance to rumble into the eerily quiet desert of Wadi Rum by 4WD. It's easy to see why the famed wind-whipped dunes starred in the film Lawrence of Arabia, as well as many others.
Transport: Bus/horse/4WD
Timing: 17 days
Fitness: C/D
Do it with: Explore Worldwide (01252 760000; www.exploreworldwide.com) from £1,055
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4 Glacier Express, Switzerland
London Waterloo - Switzerland return. Distance: 2,500km
Thanks to Eurostar, you can do the entire journey from the UK to Switzerland by train and experience some of the world's most stupendous alpine scenery without the airport crush. Linking the elegant, traffic-free resort of Zermatt with St Moritz, the idea is to hop on and off and walk in summer, ski in winter. First-class is a must for the wood-panelled dining car and unique bent-stemmed wine glasses to avoid a spill on steep gradients. The slow chug up the Rhone Valley to Andermatt, then over the Oberalp Pass down to Chur is the most thrilling section, best in winter when layers of meringue-like snow soften the mountains, waterfalls freeze rigid and you can wave at the skiers whooshing past.
Transport: Train
Timing: 10 days
Fitness: D
Do it with: Great Rail Journeys (01904 521940; www.greatrail.com) from £1,150 first class, £850 standard class, including dinner, B&B hotel accommodation
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5 Road to Timbuktu, Mali
Bamako - Timbuktu. Distance: 900km
This fabled city in Mali, one of Africa's landlocked and least-visited countries, lures adventure travellers with the promise of a genuine time warp. On the southern edge of the Sahara, it is being slowly lost to the encroaching sands: so go before it disappears. Visit the 14th-century mosque with a mysterious door that has never been opened, meet the 15,000 remaining nomadic Tuareg, join them on a camel ride and sleep out under the stars. Other Mali highlights include sailing a traditional pinasse down the Niger river, camping out on the banks, and visiting the Dogon villages, known for their cave-like houses with stone steps scoured out of the cliff face. Don't go if you need fluffy towels and ice in drinks.
Transport: Bus/boat/camel
Timing: 14 days
Fitness: B/C
Do it with: The Imaginative Traveller (0800 316 2717; www.imaginative-traveller.com) includes all the above from £1,575; next departure October 2004
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6 Ho Chi Minh Trail, Vietnam
Ho Chi Minh City - Hanoi. Distance: 1,700km
The bicycle is still the main means of transport in Asia's friendliest emerging country so it's the perfect way to get to know the locals. You don't have to pedal the entire distance from Ho Chi Minh City (formerly Saigon) in the south to Hanoi in the north as all public transport happily carries two wheels. Push yourself up mountain passes, wreathed in mists like an oriental painting then take it easier on the flat, alongside emerald rice paddies, dotted with temples and curvy pagodas. Don't miss: the Cu Chi tunnels, where the Viet Cong lived like human moles and outwitted the Americans; China Beach, a white sand stunner where the troops came for R&R; or a sampan trip down the Perfume River. Transport: Bicycle
Timing: 19 days
Fitness: B Do it with: Exodus Biking Adventures (020 8675 5550; www.exodus.co.uk) from £1,595, excluding cycle hire
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7 Everest Base Camp, Nepal
Kathmandu - Mt Everest. Distance: 250km
To the Sherpas and Tibetans, Everest is 'Chomolungma' - Mother Goddess of the Earth. To the rest of us, the crown jewel of the Himalayas invokes tales of unbelievable human courage and strength. Today a trek to Base Camp should be within range of any fit regular weekend walker. Those who've done it say nothing compares with that roof-of- the-world feeling as you stand there in awed silence surrounded by towering snow-capped peaks. That said, the Himalayas are as famed for their vibrant rhododendron forests as their snowy tops. You'll also need a camera for cliff-side monasteries with football playing monks in saffron robes, colourful yak trains accompanied by local black-eyed urchins and vertiginous swing bridges decorated with fluttering prayer flags.
Transport: Foot
Timing: 20 days
Fitness: A
Do it with: Walks Worldwide (01524 242000; www.walksworldwide.com) for £1,795, including time off in Kathmandu before and after the trek
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8 Silk Route
Kashgar (China) then Tashkent - Samarkand - Khiva (Uzbekistan). Distance: 1,570km
The tangled alleyways, spice-laden bazaars and grand domed architecture of ancient Silk Road stopovers such as Tashkent, Kashgar and Samarkand are childhood storybook cities. Once the only trading and cultural link between the East and Europe, these central Asian 'caravan' towns were almost forgotten until their rediscovery by Russian and British spies, which only adds to the frisson of mystery. Aim to do it at leisure, starting in Beijing with time for the Great Wall, before moving on to the Heaven Lake at Urumqi, Kashgar with its celebrated Sunday market, Tashkent and Khiva - a mythical living museum of a city with minarets, mosques, tiny, twisting streets and pomegranate-red desert sunsets.
Transport: Car/plane
Timing: 21 days
Fitness: C/D
Do it with: Audley Travel (01869 276217; www.audleytravel.com) features all the cities above with connecting flights, private car and driver for £3,250
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9 North West Passage
Anchorage, Alaska (USA) - Anadyr (Russia) by air, then boat to Bering Strait - Herschel Island - Cambridge Bay - Beechey Island - Resolute (Canada). Distance: 4,700km
Often known as the Amundsen Route, this is a genuine epic voyage on little-explored waterways, crossing the Arctic Circle, linking the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. The excitement starts from day one with a helicopter transfer from Anchorage, Alaska, to your trusty ice-breaker Kapitan Khlebnikov. As well as stunning ice and snow scenery, including calving icebergs and glaciers, you should encounter polar bears, seals, musk oxen and arctic foxes. Highlights include whale-watching in the Bering Strait, visiting remote Inuit communities, and viewing the weathered remains of the Maud, the schooner in which Amundsen sailed the north polar basin in the 1920s.
Transport: Ship
Timing: 20 days
Fitness: C/D
Do it with: Discover the World (01737 214250; www.discover-the-world.co.uk) offers the voyage above, including flights, from £6,969; next departure 26 July
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10 Shogun Trail, Japan Tokyo - Fukuoka. Distance: 600km
A relatively new route, introduced in 2002, this follows the cross-country path taken by the Japanese nobility and Samurai warriors as they travelled each year from the feudal court in Tokyo to their regional palaces. Today's trail also makes use of the bullet train to Hakone, home to more than 60 temples and shrines; Kyoto, regarded as the cradle of Japan's culture as well as its loveliest city; and Hiroshima, where the Peace Memorial Park acts as a grim reminder of the first atom bomb. The route includes a cruise to the so-called 'Ninety Nine Islands', once important whaling ports, often overlooked by Western visitors .
Transport: Foot/train/boat
Timing: 13 days
Fitness: C
Do it with: Explore Worldwide (01252 760000; www.exploreworldwide.com) from £2,220
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11 The Ghan, Australia
Darwin - Alice Springs - Adelaide. Distance: 2,625km
Named after the tough Afghan camel drivers who brought trade and provisions to the heart of the continent, the Ghan has always evoked the romance of the Outback. The long-awaited link to Darwin from Alice Springs opens next month, making it possible for the first time to cross the country from Adelaide by the 'silver' train, with its idiosyncratic steel-clad carriages. Starting in the green hills of the temperate wine-growing region, the train snakes through to the harsh red outline of the MacDonnell Ranges before encountering the lush emerald rainforest of the Top End.
Transport: Train
Timing: 47 hours
Fitness: D
Do it with: Travelbag (0870 890 1458; www.travelbag.co.uk) offers a 14-night Australian package, including the Ghan, plus stops in Darwin, Alice and a five-night camper-van tour of Kangaroo Island for £1,669
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12 Coral Route Auckland (New Zealand) - Fiji - Samoa - Cook Islands - Tahiti - Auckland. Distance: 8,000km
In the 1940s, a privileged few took the most romantic flying route in history, from Auckland by seaplane to the coral islands of the South Pacific, stopping for lobster and champagne picnics on the way. You can still do it, sadly without the old flying boats. Until you've witnessed one of the Pacific's characteristic lagoons, you won't know the true meaning of the word 'blue'. Naturally there are lots of hotels and locals after your tourist dollar, but the sand truly is like walking on powdered silk, ripe tropical fruit falls off the tree into your lap and people still look as if they are posing for Gauguin.
Transport: Plane
Timing: 21 days
Fitness: D
Do it with: Transpacific Holidays (01293 567722; www.transpacificholidays.co.ukwww.transpacificholidays.co.uk) has a trip which includes flights and accommodation on most of the islands above for £3,246
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13 Berber Trail, Morocco Marrakesh - Toubkal. Distance: 90km
The exotic Arabian Nights city of Marrakesh thrills even world-weary travellers with its aromatic souks, fire eaters, snake charmers and acrobats. Twin it with trekking the Berber Trail in the neighbouring Atlas mountains and you have the perfect partnership. Your goal is the summit of Toubkal, the highest peak in North Africa at 4,167m (13,700ft), a challenging climb but not a technical one. The stupendous view from the summit is reward enough, but the lower slopes, thick with daffodils and orchids, the copper and carrot-coloured butterflies, and the Berber stone-and-clay villages clinging to the hillsides are all enchanting. Leave room in your rucksack for Berber pots, Ali Baba-style leather slippers and 'magic' beaten metal lanterns.
Transport: Foot
Timing: 7 days
Fitness: A/B
Do it with: World Odyssey (01905 731373; www.world-odyssey.com) can arrange a five-day trek with guide, cook and muleteer, plus two nights in an authentic riad for £1,039
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14 Canoe the Zambezi Ruckomechi - Chickwenya Camp (Zimbabwe). Distance: 160km
To canoe the length of Africa's mighty Zambezi river would mean a costly two-month expedition of around £15,000 a head. However, anyone of average fitness should be able to manage a five-day paddle through Zimbabwe's Mana Pools national park in the river's lower reaches. Water, rather than engine power, allows you to get up close and personal to elephants and buffaloes swimming across the river to feed on the many tiny islands, and maybe less close to serious numbers of hippos and crocs. You can also expect to see lions, leopards, hyenas, monkeys, baboons, warthogs, jackals and the elusive wild dog. Birders are in feathered heaven with 350 recorded species, including rare African skimmers.
Transport: Canoe/4WD
Timing: 13 days
Fitness: C
Do it with: Sunvil Africa (020 8232 9777; www.sunvil.co.uk) offers a fully inclusive guided journey, including five days camping and canoeing, the rest in luxury riverside lodges, from £2,647
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15 Trans-Siberian Railway Moscow - Yekaterinberg - Irkutsk (Russia) - Ulan Bator (Mongolia) - Beijing (China). Distance: 7,000km
There's no greater rail adventure than the week-long journey from Moscow to Beijing across tundra, vast Siberian plains and endless pine and birch forest. Everything you've heard about gauleiter-like carriage attendants and boring wastelands is true, yet it's still incredibly romantic. Unlike on the tarted-up Orient Express, your companions will be ordinary folk: Russian babushkas, Mongolian merchants and Chinese students. It may be slow, but it's never boring. Most break the journey with a stopover in Irkutsk to visit Siberia's Lake Baikal, where you can stay in a traditional ger (domed tent), and Ulan Bator, the dropped-off-the-edge capital of Mongolia.
Transport: Train
Timing: 7 days
Fitness: C/D Do it with: Regent Holidays (0117 921 1711; www.regent-holidays.co.uk) has a 15-night itinerary, which includes flights and stops in the above, from £1,680
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16 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador Quito - Santa Cruz then boat to Galapagos. Distance: 1,727km
It doesn't matter how many times you've seen Darwin's islands on wildlife documentaries - nothing prepares you for the thrill of being slap next to creatures who have evolved without the fear of man. Sea lions and iguanas are both so prolific that it's easy to become blasé about almost tripping over family groups snoozing in the sun. It's hard to decide who are the greatest scene stealers: the giant lumbering tortoises, the cheeky boobies with comic blue feet, or the inky-black male frigate birds who inflate their awesome crimson throat pouches to impress the ladies in season. It's a hefty journey, so most combine a week afloat with a week in Ecuador.
Transport: Boat
Timing: 14 days
Fitness: C/D
Do it with: Trips Worldwide (0117 311 4404; www.tripsworldwide.co.uk) has a seven-night cruise aboard eight-berth motor yacht Cachelote, plus one week on the mainland for £2,900
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17 Inca Trail, Peru Cuzco - Kilometre 82 by train, then walk to Machu Picchu. Distance: 127km There's something about following a path once trodden by a lost civilisation, and even though you won't be alone (July and August are very busy), it's still one of the world's most rewarding treks. Along the route there are other ridge-top Inca ruins to explore, as well as waterfalls, distant snow-topped peaks and tiny hamlets where the locals dress up their lamas with tinkly bells, colourful rugs and gold-braided halters. Hidden away for centuries, your final stop at the magnificent citadel of Machu Picchu is one of the most imposing sights on the planet. Enter at the right time of day by the aptly named Sun Gate and it shimmers like a mirage, cloaked in silvery light.
Transport: Foot
Timing: 5 days
Fitness: B/C
Do it with: Last Frontiers (01296 653000; www.lastfrontiers.com) features a 10-night package with time off before and after the trek in Cuzco and Lima for £1,375
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18 Route 66, USA Chicago - St Louis - Tulsa - Amarillo - Santa Fe - Albuquerque - Flagstaff - Los Angeles. Distance: 3,860km
Immortalised and romanticised both in song and on celluloid, Route 66 stretches 2,400 miles across the US from Chicago to Los Angeles. Along the way it weaves through Missouri, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, taking in several climate regions and time zones. Sadly, most of the original route was lost in the 1970s when the road was decommissioned, but nostalgia buffs refuse to let go, the old signs are going back up, and the spirit of the highway lives on in zinc and leather banquette diners selling proper juicy burgers and root-beer floats. The coolest way to cross it, as ever, is Easy Rider-style by Harley.
Transport: Motorbike
Timing: 15 days
Fitness: C/D
Do it with: AmeriCan & Worldwide Travel (01892 511894; www.awwt.co.uk) offers flights, 14 nights' accommodation and bike hire on a group Harley-Davidson tour for £3,775; next departure 10 July
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19 The Migration Trail Arusha (Tanzania) - Nairobi (Kenya). Distance: 350km
Africa's greatest dust and dung moment, the annual migration of up to one-and-a-half million wildebeest across the vast Serengeti, is one of the world's natural wonders. You don't have to be a wildlife freak to be stirred by the ground-trembling thunder of the hoofs and awed by the sight of a moving ocean of black beasts stretching to the horizon. The wildebeest also run with tens of thousands of skittish zebras, who have the cutest ever fluffy babies. The vast herds follow the rains from Tanzania to Kenya's Masai Mara where you can expect to see most of the big cats, as well as prolific birdlife. Add on Amboseli for elephant herds against the backdrop of snow-capped Kilimanjaro.
Transport: 4WD
Timing:14 days
Fitness: D
Do it with: Abercrombie & Kent's (0845 070 0611; www.abercrombiekent.co.uk) Migration Safari visits all the parks above, staying in luxury lodges, from £4,680
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20 The Pilgrims' Route, Spain Ponferrada - Santiago de Compostela. Distance: 220km
In the Middle Ages, the 500-mile trail from Roncesvalles in the Pyrenees to Santiago de Compostela in north-west Spain was the world's greatest pilgrimage route, covered by the most pious on their knees. Today no one expects you to go to such lengths, or walk the whole route, but the final stages of the old road still offer a glimpse of a vanished medieval way of life as you ramble past ancient monasteries and ruined castles, through rural hamlets with quaint thatched houses. The final two-mile descent from Monte do Gozo - the hill where the pilgrims first spotted the three spires of Santiago's cathedral - plus the promise of a Galician seafood dinner, make you forget sore feet and blisters.
Transport: Foot
Timing: 15 days
Fitness: B/C Do it with: Waymark Holidays (01753 516477; www.waymarkholidays.com) offers a 14-night guided walk with luggage transported ahead, accommodation and some meals, from £975.




What do you know about Spain? Do the quiz:
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ROAD MOVIES


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Questions related with trips:
  • Have you ever been abroad?
  • Where have you been?
  • Are you planning on going anywhere for your next vacation?
    • If so, where?
    • Who with?
    • How long will you stay?
  • Are you afraid of going abroad alone?
  • Could you live in another country for the rest of your life?
  • Describe the most interesting person you met on one of your travels.
  • What was your best trip.
  • What was your worst trip.
  • Did your class in high school go on a trip together?
    • If so, where did you go?
    • How long did you stay?
    • How did you get there?
  • Do you have a driver's license?
  • Do you like to travel with children? Why or why not?
  • Do you like to travel with your mother? Why or why not?
  • Do you prefer summer vacations or winter vacations?
  • Do you prefer to travel alone or in a group? Why?
  • Do you prefer to travel by train, bus, plane or ship?
  • Do you prefer traveling by car or by plane?
  • Have you ever been in a difficult situation while traveling?
  • Have you ever been on an airplane?
    • How many times?
    • What airlines have you flown with?
  • Have you ever been to a foreign country?
  • Have you ever gotten lost while traveling? If so, tell about it.
  • Have you ever hitchhiked? If so, how many times?
  • Have you ever taken a package tour?
  • How do you spend your time when you are on holiday and the weather is bad?
  • How many countries have you been to? How many states?
  • How many times have you traveled abroad?
  • How much luggage do you usually carry?
  • If you traveled to South America, what countries would like to visit?
  • If you went to _(Insert a country name), what kind of souvenirs would you buy?
  • If you were going on a camping trip for a week, what 10 things would you bring? Explain why.
  • What are some countries that you would never visit? Why would you not visit them?
  • What are some things that you always take with you on a trip?
  • What countries would you like to visit? Why?
  • What countries would you most like to visit?
  • What countries would you not like to visit? Why?
  • What country do you most want to visit?
    • Why?
    • Do you think you will ever go there?
  • What do you need before you can travel to another country?
  • What is the most interesting city to visit in your country?
  • What is the most interesting souvenir that you have ever bought on one of your holidays?
  • What languages can you speak?
  • What place do you want to visit someday?
  • What was the most interesting place you have ever visited?
  • What's the most beautiful place you've ever been to?
  • When was the last time your traveled?
  • When you are on a long car journey do you play games or sing songs to occupy your time?
    • What kind of games?
    • What songs?
  • Where are you going to go the next time you travel?
    • When are you going to go?
    • Who are you going to go with?
    • How long are you going to go for?
    • What are you going to do there?
    • What kind of things do you think you will buy?
  • Where did you go on your last vacation?
    • How did you go?
    • Who did you go with?
  • Where did you spend your last vacation? Your summer vacation? Your Christmas vacation?
  • Where will you go on your next vacation?
  • Would you like to take a cruise? Where to? With who?
  • Do you prefer traveling on a hovercraft or a ferry?
  • Would you prefer to stay at a hotel/motel or camp while on vacation?
  • Would you rather visit another country or travel within your own country?
  • Would you rather go to a place where there are a lot of people or to a place where there are few people?
  • Do you find more fulfillment from your leisure activities including vacations than from your job?
  • Do you think the type of vacation one takes reflects one's social status?
  • What are popular tourist destinations in your country?
    • Have you been to any of them?
    • Which would you recommend if you could only recommend one? Why?
  • Do you prefer active or relaxing holidays? Why?
  • Which is better, package tour or a tour you organize and book yourself?
  • Why do you travel?
    • Why do people travel?
  • Would you like to go back to the same place?
  • Did you find anything of particular interest? / Did you get attracted to anything special?
  • What are some benefits of travel?
    • Why do people travel?
  • What is your favorite mode of travel?
  • Have you travelled in business class?
  • When you were a child did your family take a vacation every year?
  • Do you prefer a budget or first class hotel? Why?
  • Do you travel with a lot of baggage or do you like to travel light?
  • What is your favorite method of travel at your destination? Train? Bus? Boat? Bicycle? Backpacking?
  • What is the best kind of holiday for different ages of people? Children? Teenagers? Adults? Elderly people?
  • Do you think it is a good idea to travel with friends, or alone? How about with your family?
  • If you had $100,000, where would you go on holiday? How about if you had $10,000? What about $1,000?
  • Which countries have you travelled to?
  • Do you prefer hot countries or cool countries when you go on holiday
  • Who makes the decisions when your family decides to go on holiday
  • If you could choose one place to go this weekend, where would it be?
  • Has the airline ever lost your luggage? What happened?
  • On long flights do you usually walk around the plane to avoid health problems?
  • Have you ever read an interesting question in an in-flight magazine? What was it?
  • Is there any difference between young tourists and adult tourists?
  • Do you think tourism will harm the earth?


After a vacation:
  • Did you enjoy your last vacation? (How was your vacation?)
  • How do you feel after a long vacation?
  • How many days was your vacation?
  • How much money did you spend on your last vacation?
  • Did you encounter any problems during your vacation?
    • How did you resolve them?
  • Did you have a part-time job during the holidays?
  • Did you have any bad experiences?
  • Did you meet any interesting people? Cn you tell me about them.
  • Did you notice any cross-cultural differences during your vacation?
  • Did you study during the vacation? If so, what did you study?
  • How was your trip?
    • Why did you visit the place(s) you went to?
    • How did you get there?
    • Why did you choose the means of transportation that you chose?
    • How much luggage did you take?
    • Would you take the same or different equipment next time?
  • In what ways did you obtain real satisfaction when you were on vacation?
  • Was the place you went to very different from where you live?
    • What were the women like?
    • What were the men like?
    • Were people friendly?
    • Did you stay in a hotel?
    • What was the daily rate?
  • What historical sites did you visit and what did you learn?
  • What interesting people did you meet? Tell me about them.
  • What souvenirs did you buy?
  • What was the best food you ate during your vacation?
  • What was the most enjoyable thing that you did during your vacation?
  • What was the most interesting thing that you did during the vacation?
  • What was the most interesting thing you did during the holiday?
  • Where did you go for your last vacation?
    • Did people speak English there?
    • Did you have any problems?
    • Did you use a lot of English?
    • How did you get there?
    • How long did it take to get there?
    • How long were you there?
    • How much money did you spend?
    • What did you do there?
    • What did you see in each place?
    • What kind of food did you eat?
    • What souvenirs did you buy?
    • What was the activity you enjoyed the most, and why?
    • What was the weather/food/scenery like?
    • What were the people/restaurants/scenic spots like?
    • Where did you stay?
    • Where did you visit?
    • Where would you like to go next?
    • Who did you travel with?
    • Would you recommend your friends visit there, why or why not?
  • Where did you go? How long did you stay? How did you get there?
  • Where is your favorite place to go on vacation?
  • Where in the world would you most like to go for your next vacation?
  • Of all the places you visited, which would you recommend to your friends?
  • How do you get to sleep when you are traveling on a plane?
  • How far was it to the beaches, to the nearest town, village etc.?
  • How long did it take you to get there?
  • What sort of condition was the hotel in?
  • Did the room overlook the sea?
  • Did you have a nice view from your room?
  • Have you ever run out of money when you are on holidays?
  • Who is the most remarkable person you have ever met on holiday?
  • How would you feel if there weren't any holidays?
  • Have you ever been mugged while on vacation?
  • What is the most exotic or strangest thing you ate on holiday?



María Ángeles A.



contador de visitas
Contador de visitas
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